July 23, 2021

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

PRODUCTION-LINKED INCENTIVE (PLI) SCHEME FOR SPECIALTY STEEL
Union Cabinet approved the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for specialty steel.

About:

  • The duration of the scheme will be five years,  from 2023-24 to 2027-28.

  • The five categories of specialty steel which have been chosen in the PLI Scheme are:
    • Coated/Plated Steel Products

    • High Strength/Wear resistant Steel

    • Specialty Rails

    • Alloy Steel Products and Steel wires

    • Electrical Steel



  • There are 3 slabs of PLI incentives, the lowest being 4 % and highest being 12% which has been provided for electrical steel (CRGO).

Need of the scheme

  • With a budgetary outlay of ₹6322 crores, the scheme is expected to bring in investment of approximately ₹40,000 crores and capacity addition of 25 MT for speciality steel.

  • It is expected that the speciality steel production will become 42 million tonnes by the end of 2026-27.

  • Speciality steel has been chosen as the target segment because out of the production of 102 million tonnes steel in India in 2020-21, only18 million tonnes value added steel/speciality steel was produced in the country.

Source : LiveMint
Economy

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

NATIONAL FARMERS WELFARE PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE
Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister inaugurated the office of National Farmers Welfare Program Implementation Committee.

About:

  • The National Farmers Welfare Program Implementation Committee would act as a project monitoring unit for the implementation of
    • PM-Kisan Yojana,

    • Kisan Maandhan Yojana,

    • Agriculture Infrastructure Fund and

    • other schemes of the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.



 

Important Info :

PM-Kisan

  • The Central Government has implemented the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan) scheme to make farmers self-reliant and to provide direct income support for agricultural expenditure.
  • Under this scheme, an amount of Rs 1.37 lakh crore has been transferred to the accounts of more than 11 crore farmer families so far.
Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

BHARTIYA PRAKRITIK KRISHI PADHATI (BPKP)
Government is implementing Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP) as a sub scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) since 2020-21 for the promotion of traditional indigenous practices.

About:

  • The scheme mainly emphasizes on exclusion of all synthetic chemical inputs and promotes on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on biomass mulching; use of cow dung-urine formulations; plant-based preparations and time to time working of soil for aeration.

  • Under BPKP, financial assistance of Rs 12200/ha for 3 years is provided for cluster formation, capacity building and continuous handholding by trained personnel, certification and residue analysis.

Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

NORTHERN IRELAND PROTOCOL
Britain said that a Brexit treaty on Northern Ireland, negotiated by Prime Minister Boris Johnson and called the Northern Ireland Protocol, could create so many problems that it might have to be abandoned if it cannot be rewritten.

About:

  • The protocol aims to resolve one of the thorniest issues created by Brexit: what to do about the border between Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland, which remains part of the EU.

  • The protocol sets out a plan to deal with this unique situation. It does so by effectively leaving Northern Ireland half inside the European system, and half inside the British one.

  • The plan means more checks on goods entering Northern Ireland from mainland Britain, effectively creating a border down the Irish Sea and dividing the UK.

Source : Indian Express
International

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

GAON BURA
Earlier this month, the Assam Cabinet announced that Gaon Buras (village headman), village-level functionaries of the district administration, will henceforth be called ‘Gaon Pradhans’.

About:

  • The institution of Gaon Bura in Assam dates back to the colonial era, when the British appointed the oldest person in the village as the head, who would oversee matters relating to land and revenue in a particular area.

  • The position would usually go to the oldest, most knowledgeable man who had good personal ties with everyone in a village, or a cluster of small villages.

  • In Arunachal Pradesh, too, the Gaon Buras (and Buris) are the most important village-level functionaries.

  • Post-independence, the government continued with the institution and made the Gaon Bura a formal part of the Assam Revenue and Disaster Management department, increasing his responsibilities, and eventually introducing a small honorarium for the role.

Debate

  • The government has reasoned that a number of young men (and women) become Gaon Buras, and thus, the word ‘Bura’ (meaning old in Assamese) is no longer appropriate.

  • While it is yet to be notified, the move has been criticised by several in Assam as an imposition on the culture and language of the state.

Source : Indian Express
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

DYING DECLARATION
A special CBI court on July 16 convicted two policemen and awarded them life sentences for the custodial death of a murder accused, who was burnt alive inside a police station in Karnal.

About:

  • The judgment relied heavily on the ‘dying declaration’ made by the victim prior to his death.

  • The law presumes that no person will meet their maker with a lie in their mouth. So Section 32 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 deals with cases in which statement of relevant fact is made by a person who is dead or cannot be found.

  • The general rule under Section 60 of the Act is that all oral evidence must be direct — he heard it, saw it or perceived it.

  • The grounds of admission under a dying declaration have been based on two broad rules —
    • one, the victim being generally the only principal eye-witness to the crime; and

    • two, the sense of impending death, which creates a sanction equal to the obligation of an oath.



Source : Indian Express
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

NORD STREAM 2 PIPELINE
The US, which had previously imposed sanctions to prevent the completion of a major new gas pipeline between Russia and Germany, has now signalled its approval for the project.

About:

  • The US and Germany reached a deal on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline – which significantly increases Europe’s energy dependence on Russia– under which Berlin will respond to stop Moscow should the latter use the strategically critical gas system as political leverage.

  • In 2015, the Russian energy major Gazprom and five other European firms decided to build Nord Stream 2, valued at around $11 billion.

  • The 1,200-km pipeline will run from Ust-Luga in Russia to Greifswald in Germany through the Baltic Sea, and will carry 55 billion cubic metres of gas per year.

  • The under-construction pipeline will run along with the already completed Nord Stream 1 system, and the two together will supply an aggregate of 110 billion cubic metres of gas to Germany per year.

  • The pipeline falls in the territory of EU members Germany and Denmark, and is about 98% complete.

Source : Indian Express
Economy

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

GREAT INDIAN BUSTARDS (GIB)
The Central government informed the Rajya Sabha that there were no Great Indian Bustards (GIB) in Kutch Bustard Sanctuary (KBS) in Gujarat’s Kutch district as on January 1 this year.

About:

  • GIBs are the largest among the four bustard species found in India, the other three being MacQueen’s bustard, lesser florican and the Bengal florican.

  • GIBs’ historic range included much of the Indian sub-continent but it has now shrunken to just 10 per cent of it.

  • Among the heaviest birds with flight, GIBs prefer grasslands as their habitats.

  • Being terrestrial birds, they spend most of their time on the ground with occasional flights to go from one part of their habitat to the other.

  • They feed on insects, lizards, grass seeds etc.

Important Info :

On the brink of extinction

  • In February 2020, the Central government had told the 13th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) held in Gandhinagar, that the GIB population in India had fallen to just 150.
  • Of them 128 birds were in Rajasthan, 10 in Kutch district of Gujarat and a few in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Pakistan is also believed to host a few GIBs.
  • Due to the species’ smaller population size, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has categorised GIBs as critically endangered, thus on the brink of extinction from the wild.
Source : Indian Express
Environment

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

INTEGRATED MULTI-PURPOSE CORPORATION FOR THE UT OF LADAKH
The Union Cabinet has approved the establishment of an Integrated Multi-purpose infrastructure Development Corporation for the Union Territory of Ladakh.

About:

  • The Cabinet also approved the creation of one post of Managing Director, for the corporation in the pay scale of Rs.1,44,200- Rs.2,18,200 level.

  • The authorized share capital of the Corporation will be Rs.25 crore and recurring expenditure will be around Rs. 2.42 crore per year.

  • It is a new establishment. Presently, there is no such similar organization within the newly formed UT of Ladakh.

  • It is being developed on the lines of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands Integrated Development Corporation Limited (ANIIDCO), with an appropriate mandate to take up various developmental activities as per the specific needs of Ladakh.

Source : PIB
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

SURVEILLANCE LAWS IN INDIA
In response to the finding by a global collaborative investigative project that Israeli spyware Pegasus was used to target at least 300 individuals in India, the government has claimed that all interception in India takes place lawfully.

About:

  • Communication surveillance in India takes place primarily under two laws — the Telegraph Act, 1885 and the Information Technology Act, 2000.

  • While the Telegraph Act deals with interception of calls, the IT Act was enacted to deal with surveillance of all electronic communication, following the Supreme Court’s intervention in 1996.

Important Info :

Supreme Court intervention

  • In Public Union for Civil Liberties v Union of India (1996), the Supreme Court pointed out lack of procedural safeguards in the provisions of the Telegraph Act and laid down certain guidelines for interceptions.
  • Among the guidelines issued by the court were setting up a review committee that can look into authorisations made under Section 5(2) of the Telegraph Act.
  • The Supreme Court’s guidelines formed the basis of introducing Rule 419A in the Telegraph Rules in 2007 and later in the rules prescribed under the IT Act in 2009.
Source : Indian Express
Polity & Governance

July 22, 2021

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

NATIONAL GALLERY OF MODERN ART (NGMA)
Union Culture Minister said the National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) here would be renovated and reorganised as a part of the commemoration of the 75th Independence Day next year.

About:

  • The National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) is the premier art gallery which aims to acquire and preserve works of modern art from 1850s onward.

  • It is run and administered as a subordinate office to the Ministry of Culture, Government of India.

  • Its collection includes works by artists such as Thomas Daniell, Raja Ravi Verma, Abanindranath Tagore, Rabindranath Tagore, Gaganendranath Tagore, Nandalal Bose, Jamini Roy, Amrita Sher-Gil as well as foreign artists.

  • The main museum in New Delhi was established in 1954 by the Government of India, with subsequent branches at Mumbai and Bangalore.

Source : The Hindu
Culture

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

BIRD FLU
On July 21, an 11-year-old boy died of H5N1 avian influenza in Delhi. This is the first recorded death due to the bird flu in India this year. In January, bird flu was confirmed in several states with thousands of birds, including migratory species, being found dead.

About:

  • Bird flu or avian influenza is a disease caused by avian influenza Type A viruses found naturally in wild birds worldwide.

  • The virus can infect domestic poultry including chickens, ducks, turkeys and there have been reports of H5N1 infection among pigs, cats, and even tigers in Thailand zoos.

  • Avian Influenza type A viruses are classified based on two proteins on their surfaces – Hemagglutinin(HA) and Neuraminidase(NA). There are about 18 HA subtypes and 11 NA subtypes. Several combinations of these two proteins are possible e.g., H5N1, H7N2, H9N6, H17N10, etc.

  • There have been reports of avian and swine influenza infections in humans including A(H1N1), A(H1N2), A(H5N1), A(H7N9), etc. The first report of human H5N1 infection was in 1997.

  • The most common route of virus transmission is direct contact — when a person comes in close contact with infected birds, either dead or alive.

Source : Indian Express
Health

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

PEGASUS (CONSTELLATION)
Back in 2019, when most people first heard of the spyware Pegasus, the NSO Group described the company’s flagship creation as the “Trojan horse” that could be sent “flying through the air to [break into] devices”. Before this, Pegasus had always been the constellation.

About:

  • Pegasus is a constellation in the northern sky, named after the winged horse Pegasus in Greek mythology.

  • It was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and is one of the 88 constellations recognised today.

  • With an apparent magnitude varying between 2.37 and 2.45, the brightest star in Pegasus is the orange supergiant Epsilon Pegasi, also known as Enif, which marks the horse's muzzle. 

Source : Indian Express
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

MAN-PORTABLE ANTI-TANK GUIDED MISSILE (MPATGM)
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight tested indigenously developed low weight, fire and forget Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM).

About:

  • The missile is incorporated with state-of-the-art Miniaturized Infrared Imaging Seeker along with advanced avionics.

  • The man-portable missile is launched using a tripod is designed for a maximum range of 2.5 km with a launch weight of less than 15 Kg.

  • Control Flight Tests have been successfully carried out and Guided Flight Tests (with IIR Seeker) are planned.

Source : LiveMint
Defence & Security

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

NEW GENERATION AKASH MISSILE
Defence Research and Development Organisation, DRDO successfully flight-tested the New Generation Akash Missile, a surface-to-air Missile from Integrated Test Range off the coast of Odisha.

About:

  • The missile system has been developed by Defence Research and Development Laboratory, Hyderabad in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories.

  • The new version of the Akash missile (Akash-NG) can strike targets at a distance of around 60 km and fly at a speed of up to Mach 2.5.

  • the New Generation Akash Missile will prove to be a force multiplier for the air defence capability of the Indian Air Force.

Source : All India Radio
Defence & Security

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE PROJECT
In Madhya Pradesh, Gwalior and Orchha cities have been selected by UNESCO under ‘Historic Urban Landscape Project’, which was started in the year 2011, for the inclusive and well-planned development of fast-growing historical cities while preserving the culture and heritage.

About:

  • Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan virtually launched UNESCO’s ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ project for Gwalior and Orchha cities of the state through video conferencing.

  • Six cities of South Asia, including Ajmer and Varanasi in India are already involved in this project.

  • Orchha and Gwalior have been included as the 7th and 8th cities.

  • The cities will be jointly developed by UNESCO, Government of India and Madhya Pradesh by focusing on their historical and cultural improvement.

  • This project will help MP tourism get a new dimension. Additional employment opportunities will also be created along with the development of tourism.

Source : The Hindu
Culture

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

LIVERPOOL
Liverpool has been stripped of its World Heritage status after a UN committee found developments threatened the value of the city’s waterfront.

About:

  • The decision was made following a secret ballot by the UNESCO Committee at a meeting in China. UNESCO had previously warned that the developments, including the new Everton FC stadium, had resulted in a “serious deterioration” of the historic site.

  • The city was awarded the much-coveted title in 2004 in recognition of its historical and architectural impact, joining places including the Taj Mahal, Egypt’s Pyramids and Canterbury Cathedral.

Important Info :

Liverpool

  • Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England.
  • Liverpool is on the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary. Its growth as a major port was paralleled by the expansion of the city throughout the Industrial Revolution.
Source : All India Radio
Culture

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

KAMAN AMAN SETU
On the occasion of Eid-ul-Zuha and as a gesture for promoting Peace, Harmony & Compassion in the true spirit of the festival, India and Pakistan Armies held a Flag meeting and exchanged sweets at Kaman Aman Setu, Uri & Tithwal Crossing on Kishanganga River in Tangdhar area of north Kashmir’s Kupwara district.

About:

  • Kaman aman setu is located at Uri in North Kashmir.

  • Kaman Aman Setu - Friendship Bridge between India and Pakistan, is also the last point of the India-Pak border in the Uri district.

Source : All India Radio
Geography

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

COVID VACCINE PRODUCTION
World Trade Organisation Director-General Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala has said that five member states of WTO alone will account for three-quarters of the entire global output of COVID-19 vaccines this year.

About:

  • Production remains highly centralised as about 75 per cent of this year’s vaccines appear set to come from five WTO members – India, Germany, US, France and China.

  • WTO DG said, 1.1 billion COVID vaccine doses were administered worldwide in June this year. 

Source : All India Radio
Health

Current Affairs
July 22, 2021

NIDHI4COVID
NIDHI4COVID 2.0 initiative has been devised as a rapid response to support startup driven solutions, which would be helpful in tackling the current challenging COVID-19 situation in the country.

About:

  • Inducted as a special drive of the National Science & Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB), Department of Science & Technology (DST) & govt of India, NIDHI4COVID2.0 aims at introducing indigenous solutions and innovative products which would aid the nation in to fight against the COVID-19 pandemic effectively.

  • Under the NIDHI4COVID programme, Startups whose technologies/products are of huge importance in the war against COVID would be considered for Seed Support through DST supported network of Technology Business Incubators.

  • KIIT- Technology Business Incubator, a Centre of Excellence supported by DST, has been selected as the Implementing Agency of NIDHI4COVID 2.0 initiative.

  • In this, KIIT-TBI will work closely together with DST to support promising startups with upto 50 lakhs funding assistance under the program.

Source : All India Radio
Health

July 21, 2021

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

NEW SHEPARD
Billionaire Jeff Bezos has made a short journey to space, in the first crewed flight of his rocket ship, New Shepard.

About:

  • New Shepard, built by Bezos' company Blue Origin, is designed to serve the burgeoning market for space tourism.

  • The spacecraft lifted off from a private launch site near Van Horn, Texas. The capsule reached a maximum altitude of around 107km before starting its descent, parachuting down to a soft landing in the West Texas desert 11 minutes later.

  • Competing head to head with fellow billionaire Richard Branson, who flew into space aboard his Virgin Galactic rocketplane July 11, Bezos blasted off with his brother Mark and two history-making passengers: 82-year-old aviation pioneer Wally Funk, the oldest person to fly in space, and Oliver Daemen, an 18-year-old Dutch student who is the youngest ever to fly in space.

Source : All India Radio
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

PORNOGRAPHY
Businessman Raj Kundra, husband of actor and businesswoman Shilpa Shetty, was arrested by the Mumbai Police in connection with an adult film racket.

About:

  • The manufacturing, publishing and distribution of pornography is illegal in India under section 292, 293 of IPC.

  • Child pornography is illegal and strictly prohibited across the country under section 67B of the Information Technology Act, 2000.

  • Under Section 14-15 of the POCSO Act, 2012 whoever uses a child or children for pornographic purposes shall be punished with imprisonment.

  • In 2019, Union Cabinet has approved a new definition for child pornography in its amendments to the POCSO Act, which will be introduced in Parliament. Neither Section 67 of the IT Act nor Section 293 of the Indian Penal Code define child pornography.

Source : Indian Express
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

AMLEX
To increase the life of medical oxygen cylinders three fold, the Indian Institute of Technology, Ropar has developed a first-of-its-kind Oxygen Rationing Device – AMLEX.

About:

  • AMLEX supplies a required volume of oxygen to the patient during inhalation and trips when the patient exhales CO2. This process saves oxygen which otherwise unnecessarily get wasted.

  • Significance
    • So far, during exhalation, the oxygen in the oxygen cylinder/pipe is pushed out along with the exhaled CO2 by the user. This leads to wastage of a large volume of oxygen in long run.

    • In addition to this, a large volume of oxygen escapes from the openings of the mask to the environment in the resting period (between inhalation and exhalation) due to continuous flow of life saving gas in the mask.



Source : Economic Times
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

ORPHANS
The Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in an estimated 1.5 million (15 lakh) children facing the loss of a parent or a caregiver (a grandparent or other older relative in their home), including over a million who lost one or both parents, according to a global study to be published in The Lancet.

About:

  • In India, an estimated 1.19 lakh children lost a primary caregiver — one or both parents, or one or both custodial grandparents. Among them, 1.16 lakh lost one or both parents.

  • Globally, from March 1, 2020, to April 30, 2021, the study estimates that 11.34 lakh children lost a primary caregiver (at least one parent or custodial grandparent). Including other co-residing grandparents (or other older relatives), the total is 15.62 lakh children, of whom over 1 million (10.42 lakh) lost one or both parents.

  • The estimates for India indicate an 8.5-fold increase in the numbers of children newly orphaned in April 2021 (43,139) compared to March (5,091).

  • Mexico (1.41 lakh) and Brazil (1.30 lakh) have the highest number of children who have lost a primary caregiver, followed by India. The US is another country where over a lakh children have lost a primary caregiver.

Source : Indian Express
Social Issues

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

SARANG HELICOPTER DISPLAY TEAM
The Sarang Helicopter Display Team of the Indian Air Force is all set to perform for the first time at the MAKS International Air Show held at Zhukovsky International Airport, Russia. The air show is scheduled from 20th July to 25 July this year.

About:

  • This is the first occasion when the Sarang Team is performing its four helicopter aerobatics display in Russia, with its Made in India – Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopters.

  • Apart from the Indian Air Force, Indian Army, Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard also operate this helicopter.

  • The Sarang Team was formed in 2003 at Bangalore and its first international display was at the Asian Aerospace Airshow at Singapore in 2004.

  • Since then, Sarang has represented Indian aviation at air shows and ceremonial occasions in UAE, Germany, UK, Bahrain, Mauritius and Sri Lanka till date.

  • Apart from aerobatics displays at national and international venues, the team has also taken active part in numerous Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief Missions.

Source : All India Radio
Defence & Security

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

HIGH-SPEED MAGLEV TRAIN
China has unveiled a high-speed maglev train with a designed top speed of 600 kms per hour. It is stated to be the world’s fastest ground vehicle.

About:

  • The new maglev transportation system made its public debut in the coastal city of Qingdao, China’s east Shandong province.

  • Launched in October 2016, the high-speed maglev train project saw the development of a magnetic-levitation train prototype with a designed top speed of 600 kms per hour in 2019, and conducted a successful test run in June 2020.

  • The train fills the speed gap between aviation and high-speed trains.

  • Compared with traditional vehicles running on wheels, high-speed maglev trains do not have contact with rail tracks. They have advantages in terms of efficiency and speed and produce very little noise.

Source : All India Radio
Economy

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

THERMOELECTRIC MATERIAL
Researchers have developed a new low-cost electrical contact material for thermoelectric devices that is stable at high temperature.

About:

  • Researchers from the International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI), an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology, GoI, have designed and developed thermoelectric modules using lead telluride (PbTe) and magnesium stannite silicide (Mg2Si1-xSnx) compounds, which gives more than 10% conversion efficiency.

  • The ARCI team explored various metallization methods and diffusion barrier materials with a systemic approach to make a stable bismuth-doped Mg2(Si1-xSnx)-Cu joint to fabricate a thermoelectric generator.

  • The thermoelectric material can generate electricity by using a temperature difference between its two sides. The thermoelectric device can also function as a small heat pump, moving heat from one side of the device to the other.

  • Thermoelectric materials convert thermal energy directly into electricity through a process that involves a solid-state electron and phonon diffusion process. 

Source : All India Radio
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

BETA TITANIUM ALLOY
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has indigenously developed a ‘High Strength Metastable Beta Titanium Alloy’ containing Vanadium, Iron and Aluminium, Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al (non-ferrous near-beta titanium alloy) on industrial scale for applications in aerospace structural forgings.

About:

  • It has been designed and developed by DRDO’s Hyderabad-based Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory (DMRL).

  • The state-of-art alloys have been in use by many developed nations in recent times as a beneficial and cost-effective substitute for the relatively heavier traditional Ni-Cr-Mo structural steels to achieve weight savings.

  • The higher strength, ductility, fatigue, and fracture toughness of the titanium alloy can replace steel and can lead to considerable weight savings.

  • The components which may be forged from Beta Titanium Alloy include slat/flap tracks, landing gear, and drop link in landing gear among several others.

Important Info :

Some of the popular alloys in the aerospace industry include:

  • Titanium Alloys
  • Aluminum Alloys
  • Copper Alloys
  • Stainless Steel
  • Superalloys
  • Other Specialty Alloys
Source : All India Radio
Economy

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

ADARSH SMARAK
Minister for Culture informed Rajya Sabha that 3 monuments of Andhra Pradesh have been Identified as “Adarsh Smarak” for providing additional facilities like Wi-Fi, Cafeteria, Interpretation centre, Brail signages, Illumination, etc.

About:

  • These Three monuments of Andhra Pradesh are
    • Monuments at Nagarjunakonda, District Guntur,

    • Budhhist Remains at Salihundam, District Srikakulam, and

    • Veerabhadra Temple at Lepakshi.



  • Further, Fort at Gandikota has been included in the Adopt-a-Heritage scheme of Ministry of Tourism, which is PPP mode.

Source : PIB
Culture

Current Affairs
July 21, 2021

WHO-GMP/COPP CERTIFICATION
The Indian Medicines Pharmaceutical Corporation Ltd. (IMPCL) (Central Public Sector Enterprise) Mohan, Dist. Almora, Uttarakhand under the administrative control of Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India has applied for “WHO-GMP/COPP certification for 18 Ayurvedic products.

About:

  • The WHO GMP certificate is mandatory in most global markets for pharmaceutical companies to be able to sell medicines.

  • The manufacturer of an exporting country must be licensed by the regulatory authority of that country and comply with the WHO GMP guidelines

  • The certificate of pharmaceutical product (CPP or CoPP) is a certificate issued in the format recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Source : PIB
Health

July 20, 2021

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

ETHANOL BLENDING
Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas informed Lok Sabha about Ethanol Blending.

About:

  • The Notified National Policy on Biofuels – 2018, provided an indicative target of blending 20% ethanol in petrol by 2030.

  • Ethanol Blending has Improved from 1.53% during Ethanol Supply Year 2013-14 to 7.93% ongoing ESY 2020-21

  • Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has published a Notification dated June 02, 2021, wherein, it has been stated that OMCs shall sell ethanol blended petrol with percentage of ethanol upto 20% as per BIS Specifications in the whole of India and Union Territories and shall come into effect from April 01, 2023.

  • E-100 pilot projects has been launched at Pune city by Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) on June 05, 2021. 

Economy

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

MONKEY B VIRUS (BV)
China has reported the first human infection case with Monkey B virus (BV) after a Beijing-based veterinarian was confirmed with the same a month after he dissected two dead monkeys in early March. Till date, only one case has been documented of an infected person spreading B virus to another person.

About:

  • The virus, initially isolated in 1932, is an alphaherpesvirus enzootic in macaques of the genus Macaca. B virus is the only identified old-world-monkey herpesvirus that displays severe pathogenicity in humans.

  • The infection can be transmitted via direct contact and exchange of bodily secretions of monkeys and has a fatality rate of 70 per cent to 80 per cent.

  • Macaque monkeys commonly have this virus, and it can be found in their saliva, feces (poop), urine (pee), or brain or spinal cord tissue. The virus may also be found in cells coming from an infected monkey in a lab.

  • Humans can get infected if they are bitten or scratched by an infected monkey; get an infected monkey’s tissue or fluid on broken skin or in eyes, nose, or mouth; scratch or cut oneself on a contaminated cage or other sharp-edged surface or get exposed to the brain (especially), spinal cord, or skull of an infected monkey.

  • Symptoms: The first indications of B virus infection are typically flu-like symptoms such as fever and chills, muscle ache, fatigue and headache, following which an infection person may develop small blisters in the wound or area on the body that came in contact with the monkey.

  • Currently, there are no vaccines that can protect against B virus infection.

Source : Indian Express
Health

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

NEA SCOUT
NASA announced that its new spacecraft, named NEA Scout, has completed all required tests and has been safely tucked inside the Space Launch System (SLS) rocket.

Artemis I

  • NEA Scout is one of several payloads that will hitch a ride on Artemis I, which is expected to be launched in November.

  • Artemis I will be an uncrewed testflight of the Orion spacecraft and SLS rocket.

  • Under the Artemis programme, NASA has aimed to land the first woman on the Moon in 2024 and also establish sustainable lunar exploration programs by 2030.

What is NEA Scout?

  • Near-Earth Asteroid Scout, or NEA Scout, is a small spacecraft, about the size of a big shoebox.

  • Its main mission is to fly by and collect data from a near-Earth asteroid.

  • It will also be America’s first interplanetary mission using a special solar sail propulsion.

Source : Indian Express
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

GREEN NATIONAL HIGHWAY CORRIDOR PROJECT
Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways informed Rajya Sabha about the status of Green National Highway Corridor Project.

About:

  • The Government had signed loan agreement with the World Bank to develop Green National Highway Corridors (GNHCP).

  • The project include Upgradation of about 781 km length of various National Highways passing through the states of Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh.

  • Out of total length of 781 km, work on 287.96 km having Civil Cost of Rs. 1664.44 cr. has been awarded.

  • The schedule date of completion is December, 2025.

Source : PIB
Environment

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

ROAD ACCIDENTS
Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways informed Rajya Sabha about the steps taken to reduce Road Accidents in the country.

Education

  • Observance of National Road Safety Month/Week every year for spreading awareness and strengthening road safety.

  • A Certification Course for Road Safety Auditors has been commenced in Indian Academy of Highway Engineers (IAHE).

Road engineering

  • High priority to identification and rectification of black spots (accident prone spots) on national highways.

Vehicle engineering

  • Safety standards for automobiles have been improved.

  • Ministry has notified fitment of Speed Limiting devices on all transport vehicles.

  • Scheme for setting up one model Inspection & Certification Centre in each State/UT with Central assistance for testing the fitness of vehicles through an automated system.

Enforcement

  • The recently passed motor vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 provides for strict enforcement through use of technology and further provides for strict penalties for ensuring strict compliance and enhancing deterrence for violation of traffic rules.

  • Issue of Guidelines for protection of Good Samaritans and draft rules as per MV (Amendment) Act, 2019 has been published.

Emergency care

  • The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 provides for a scheme for the cashless treatment of victims of the accident during the golden hour.

  • The National Highways Authority of India has made provisions for ambulances at all toll plazas on the completed corridor of National Highways.

Source : PIB
Disaster Management

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

DAIRY INVESTMENT ACCELERATOR
The Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying (DAHD), Government of India, with a view to provide dedicated focus towards promoting & facilitating investments in the Indian Dairy sector, has setup Dairy Investment Accelerator under its Investment Facilitation Cell.

About:

  • This Investment Accelerator is a cross functional team constituted to serve as the interface with investors.

  • It shall provide support across the investment cycle:
    • Offering specific inputs for evaluation of investment opportunities

    • Addressing queries about application to govt. schemes

    • Connecting with strategic partners

    • Providing on-ground assistance with state departments & relevant authorities



Important Info :

Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development fund (AHIDF)

  • Dairy Investment Accelerator is also generating awareness among investors about Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development fund (AHIDF).
  • AHIDF is one of the flagship schemes by DAHD, Government of India whereby Rs. 15,000 crorefund has been setup for offering financial support to entrepreneurs, private companies, MSME, Farmers Producers Organizations (FPOs), and Section 8 companies.
Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

SHEKATKAR COMMITTEE
Raksha Mantri informed Rajya Sabha about the status of Implementation of CoE Recommendations Related to Defence Reforms.

About:

  • The Committee of Experts (CoE) constituted by the Ministry of Defence under the chairmanship of Lt Gen (Retd) DB Shekatkar to recommend measures to enhance combat compatibility and rebalance defence expenditure of the armed forces, submitted its report in December 2016.

  • The Report was taken up by the Ministry of Defence to frame key action points and roadmap for implementation.

Measures recommended by the Committee and taken up for the implementation include:

  • Optimisation of Signals Establishments to include Radio Monitoring Companies, Corps Air Support Signal Regiments, Air Formation Signal Regiments, Composite Signal Regiments and merger for Corps Operating and Engineering Signal Regiments.

  • Restructuring of repair echelons in the Army to include Base Workshops, Advance Base Workshops and Static/Station Workshops in the field Army.

  • Redeployment of Ordnance echelons to include Vehicle Depots, Ordnance Depots and Central Ordnance Depots apart from streamlining inventory control mechanisms.

  • Better utilisation of Supply and Transportation echelons and Animal Transport Units.

  • Closure of Military Farms and Army Postal Establishments in peace locations.

  • Enhancement in standards for recruitment of clerical staff and drivers in the Army.

  • Improving the efficiency of the National Cadet Corps.

Source : PIB
Defence & Security

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF HERITAGE
The government has decided to set up the ‘Indian Institute of Heritage’ at Noida, Gautam Buddha Nagar.

About:

  • The Institute is being set up as Deemed to be University by integrating
    • Institute of Archaeology (Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute of Archaeology),

    • School of Archival Studies under National Archives of India, New Delhi,

    • the National Research Laboratory for Conservation of Cultural Property (NRLC), Lucknow,

    • National Museum Institute of History of Art, Conservation and Museology (NMICHM) and

    • Academic Wing of Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), New Delhi.



  • These shall become various schools of Institute.

  • Indian Institute of Heritage will be a world-class university that would focus on the conservation and research in India’s rich tangible heritage, while offering research, development and dissemination of knowledge associated with heritage.

Source : PIB
Culture

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

STARTUP INDIA SHOWCASE
104 startups from different sectors have currently on boarded on the Startup India Showcase Platform.

About:

  • Startup India Showcase is an online discovery platform for the most promising startups of the country.

  • These innovations span across various cutting-edge sectors such as Fintech, EntrepriseTech, Social Impact, HealthTech, EdTech, among others.

  • Ecosystem stakeholders have evaluated, nurtured, and supported these startups.

  • These startups are solving critical problems and have shown exceptional innovation in their respective sectors.

Source : The Hindu
Economy

Current Affairs
July 20, 2021

NATIONAL LOGISTICS EXCELLENCE AWARDS
With a view to turn the spotlight on the logistics sector, the Government today announced the launch of National Logistics Excellence Awards.

About:

  • The awards are in two categories, the first group includes logistics infrastructure/service providers and second one is for various user industries.

  • The awards will highlight best practices including consolidation, process standardisation, technological upgrade, digital transformations, and sustainable practices.

Important Info :
  • While the Indian logistics sector has been growing at a CAGR of 10.5%, reaching approximately USD 215 billion in value in 2020, there are systemic, interconnected problems that must be addressed to enhance its efficiency.
  • Comprehensive logistics costs amount to almost 14% of India’s GDP.
  • Closing India’s competitiveness gap vis-à-vis the global average of 8 percent, would make the Indian logistics sector advanced, organised and efficient, on par with global peers with the ambition of being amongst the top 25 countries in the global Logistics Performance Index (LPI).
Source : outlook
Economy
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