Daily MCQ
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23 July 2021 MCQs Test

10 Questions 20 Minutes

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

PRODUCTION-LINKED INCENTIVE (PLI) SCHEME FOR SPECIALTY STEEL
Union Cabinet approved the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for specialty steel.
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About:

  • The duration of the scheme will be five years,  from 2023-24 to 2027-28.

  • The five categories of specialty steel which have been chosen in the PLI Scheme are:
    • Coated/Plated Steel Products

    • High Strength/Wear resistant Steel

    • Specialty Rails

    • Alloy Steel Products and Steel wires

    • Electrical Steel



  • There are 3 slabs of PLI incentives, the lowest being 4 % and highest being 12% which has been provided for electrical steel (CRGO).

Need of the scheme

  • With a budgetary outlay of ₹6322 crores, the scheme is expected to bring in investment of approximately ₹40,000 crores and capacity addition of 25 MT for speciality steel.

  • It is expected that the speciality steel production will become 42 million tonnes by the end of 2026-27.

  • Speciality steel has been chosen as the target segment because out of the production of 102 million tonnes steel in India in 2020-21, only18 million tonnes value added steel/speciality steel was produced in the country.

Source : LiveMint
Economy

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

NATIONAL FARMERS WELFARE PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE
Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister inaugurated the office of National Farmers Welfare Program Implementation Committee.
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About:

  • The National Farmers Welfare Program Implementation Committee would act as a project monitoring unit for the implementation of
    • PM-Kisan Yojana,

    • Kisan Maandhan Yojana,

    • Agriculture Infrastructure Fund and

    • other schemes of the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.



 

Important Info :

PM-Kisan

  • The Central Government has implemented the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan) scheme to make farmers self-reliant and to provide direct income support for agricultural expenditure.
  • Under this scheme, an amount of Rs 1.37 lakh crore has been transferred to the accounts of more than 11 crore farmer families so far.
Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

BHARTIYA PRAKRITIK KRISHI PADHATI (BPKP)
Government is implementing Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP) as a sub scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) since 2020-21 for the promotion of traditional indigenous practices.
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About:

  • The scheme mainly emphasizes on exclusion of all synthetic chemical inputs and promotes on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on biomass mulching; use of cow dung-urine formulations; plant-based preparations and time to time working of soil for aeration.

  • Under BPKP, financial assistance of Rs 12200/ha for 3 years is provided for cluster formation, capacity building and continuous handholding by trained personnel, certification and residue analysis.

Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

NORTHERN IRELAND PROTOCOL
Britain said that a Brexit treaty on Northern Ireland, negotiated by Prime Minister Boris Johnson and called the Northern Ireland Protocol, could create so many problems that it might have to be abandoned if it cannot be rewritten.
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About:

  • The protocol aims to resolve one of the thorniest issues created by Brexit: what to do about the border between Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland, which remains part of the EU.

  • The protocol sets out a plan to deal with this unique situation. It does so by effectively leaving Northern Ireland half inside the European system, and half inside the British one.

  • The plan means more checks on goods entering Northern Ireland from mainland Britain, effectively creating a border down the Irish Sea and dividing the UK.

Source : Indian Express
International

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

GAON BURA
Earlier this month, the Assam Cabinet announced that Gaon Buras (village headman), village-level functionaries of the district administration, will henceforth be called ‘Gaon Pradhans’.
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About:

  • The institution of Gaon Bura in Assam dates back to the colonial era, when the British appointed the oldest person in the village as the head, who would oversee matters relating to land and revenue in a particular area.

  • The position would usually go to the oldest, most knowledgeable man who had good personal ties with everyone in a village, or a cluster of small villages.

  • In Arunachal Pradesh, too, the Gaon Buras (and Buris) are the most important village-level functionaries.

  • Post-independence, the government continued with the institution and made the Gaon Bura a formal part of the Assam Revenue and Disaster Management department, increasing his responsibilities, and eventually introducing a small honorarium for the role.

Debate

  • The government has reasoned that a number of young men (and women) become Gaon Buras, and thus, the word ‘Bura’ (meaning old in Assamese) is no longer appropriate.

  • While it is yet to be notified, the move has been criticised by several in Assam as an imposition on the culture and language of the state.

Source : Indian Express
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

DYING DECLARATION
A special CBI court on July 16 convicted two policemen and awarded them life sentences for the custodial death of a murder accused, who was burnt alive inside a police station in Karnal.
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About:

  • The judgment relied heavily on the ‘dying declaration’ made by the victim prior to his death.

  • The law presumes that no person will meet their maker with a lie in their mouth. So Section 32 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 deals with cases in which statement of relevant fact is made by a person who is dead or cannot be found.

  • The general rule under Section 60 of the Act is that all oral evidence must be direct — he heard it, saw it or perceived it.

  • The grounds of admission under a dying declaration have been based on two broad rules —
    • one, the victim being generally the only principal eye-witness to the crime; and

    • two, the sense of impending death, which creates a sanction equal to the obligation of an oath.



Source : Indian Express
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

NORD STREAM 2 PIPELINE
The US, which had previously imposed sanctions to prevent the completion of a major new gas pipeline between Russia and Germany, has now signalled its approval for the project.
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About:

  • The US and Germany reached a deal on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline – which significantly increases Europe’s energy dependence on Russia– under which Berlin will respond to stop Moscow should the latter use the strategically critical gas system as political leverage.

  • In 2015, the Russian energy major Gazprom and five other European firms decided to build Nord Stream 2, valued at around $11 billion.

  • The 1,200-km pipeline will run from Ust-Luga in Russia to Greifswald in Germany through the Baltic Sea, and will carry 55 billion cubic metres of gas per year.

  • The under-construction pipeline will run along with the already completed Nord Stream 1 system, and the two together will supply an aggregate of 110 billion cubic metres of gas to Germany per year.

  • The pipeline falls in the territory of EU members Germany and Denmark, and is about 98% complete.

Source : Indian Express
Economy

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

GREAT INDIAN BUSTARDS (GIB)
The Central government informed the Rajya Sabha that there were no Great Indian Bustards (GIB) in Kutch Bustard Sanctuary (KBS) in Gujarat’s Kutch district as on January 1 this year.
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About:

  • GIBs are the largest among the four bustard species found in India, the other three being MacQueen’s bustard, lesser florican and the Bengal florican.

  • GIBs’ historic range included much of the Indian sub-continent but it has now shrunken to just 10 per cent of it.

  • Among the heaviest birds with flight, GIBs prefer grasslands as their habitats.

  • Being terrestrial birds, they spend most of their time on the ground with occasional flights to go from one part of their habitat to the other.

  • They feed on insects, lizards, grass seeds etc.

Important Info :

On the brink of extinction

  • In February 2020, the Central government had told the 13th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) held in Gandhinagar, that the GIB population in India had fallen to just 150.
  • Of them 128 birds were in Rajasthan, 10 in Kutch district of Gujarat and a few in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Pakistan is also believed to host a few GIBs.
  • Due to the species’ smaller population size, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has categorised GIBs as critically endangered, thus on the brink of extinction from the wild.
Source : Indian Express
Environment

Current Affairs
July 23, 2021

INTEGRATED MULTI-PURPOSE CORPORATION FOR THE UT OF LADAKH
The Union Cabinet has approved the establishment of an Integrated Multi-purpose infrastructure Development Corporation for the Union Territory of Ladakh.
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About:

  • The Cabinet also approved the creation of one post of Managing Director, for the corporation in the pay scale of Rs.1,44,200- Rs.2,18,200 level.

  • The authorized share capital of the Corporation will be Rs.25 crore and recurring expenditure will be around Rs. 2.42 crore per year.

  • It is a new establishment. Presently, there is no such similar organization within the newly formed UT of Ladakh.

  • It is being developed on the lines of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands Integrated Development Corporation Limited (ANIIDCO), with an appropriate mandate to take up various developmental activities as per the specific needs of Ladakh.

Source : PIB
Polity & Governance
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