Daily MCQ
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16 July 2019 MCQs Test

10 Questions 20 Minutes

Current Affairs
July 16, 2019

YOGA EDUCATION
Union Minister for Human Resource Development informed Lok Sabha that Yoga training has been included in ‘Study in India’ Program to enable foreign students to obtain authentic Yoga training.
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About:

  • Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has made Health and Physical Education compulsory in all classes from I-XII for its affiliated schools. Schools have been advised that Health and Physical Education includes three areas i.e. Health Education, Physical Education and Yoga.

  • National Curriculum Framework (NCF), 2005 recommended Yoga as an integral part of Health and Physical Education.

  • The Government has also included Yoga training in the “Study in India” programme to encourage Yoga seekers from abroad to obtain authentic Yoga training in India.

  • University Grants Commission (UGC) has approved the establishment of an Inter University Centre-Yogic Science at Bengaluru.

  • UGC has also introduced Yoga as a new National Eligibility Test (NET) subject from January 2017 UGC-NET onwards.

  • National Yoga Olympiad was recently organized by NCERT across the country at various levels. Schools from states and UTs, Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) and CBSE schools participated in the Yoga Olympiad.

  • The Government has set up a Yoga Certification Board (YCB) to standardize and strengthen Yoga training by providing certification to individuals and accreditation to Institutions.

  • In addition, Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga (MDNIY) is an autonomous organisation under Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India. MDNIY is a focal Institute for Planning, Training, Promotion and Coordination of Yoga Education, Training, Therapy and Research in all its aspects.

Source : PIB
Education

Current Affairs
July 16, 2019

GSLV MK-III
The launch of Chandrayaan-2 was aborted less than an hour from liftoff after scientists detected a technical glitch in the launch vehicle system. The mission vehicle was a GSLV Mk-III rocket.
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About:

  • GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) rockets use a different fuel, and have a thrust that is far greater than PSLV’s. They can, therefore, carry heavier payloads and travel deeper into space.

  • Among ISRO’s GSLV rockets, GSLV Mk-III is the latest and most powerful. It has had two successful flights so far — it carried and deployed the GSAT-19 communication satellite in 2017 and then, the GSAT-29 communication satellite in 2018.

  • GSLV Mk-III is powered by a core liquid engine, has two solid boosters that are used to provide the massive thrust required during liftoff, and a cryogenic engine in the upper stage.

  • Cryogenics is the science relating to behaviour of materials at very low temperatures. Cryogenic technology is challenging to master, but essential for a rocket like GSLV Mk-III.

Important Info :

Recent development: 

  • Chandrayaan-2 was GSLV Mk-III's biggest and the most keenly-awaited launch. But it will now have to wait for several months. 
  • Though ISRO has been tight-lipped about the nature of the problem, there are indications that it could relate to the cryogenic upper stage. 
Source : Indian Express
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
July 16, 2019

INCOME RECOGNITION AND ASSET CLASSIFICATION NORMS (IRAC)
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed monetary penalty of ₹ 7 crore on State Bank of India (SBI).
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About: 

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has imposed monetary penalty of ₹ 7 crore on SBI for non-compliance with the directions issued by RBI on: 
    • Income Recognition and Asset Classification (IRAC) norms and 

    • code of conduct for opening and operating current accounts and reporting of data on Central Repository of Information on Large Credits (CRILC). 



  • This penalty has been imposed in exercise of powers vested in RBI under the provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949. 

Important Info :
  • Income recognition and asset classification norms (IRAC) are rules that prescribe when a loan should be declared as a non-performing asset (NPA). Once a loan is an NPA, the RBI requires that any recovery should not be classified as income. 
  • Banks are also required to share information regarding large borrowers with the RBI for its Central Repository of Information on Large Credits (CRILC). 
Source : Times of India
Economy

Current Affairs
July 16, 2019

SEVA BHOJ YOJANA
The Minister of Culture informed Lok Sabha about the Seva Bhoj Yojana.
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About: 

  • Type: Seva Bhoj Yojna is a Central Sector Scheme. 

  • Objective: Government of India is running Seva Bhoj Yojana for providing assistance to charitable religious institutions for serving free food to public. 

  • Features:
    • Under the scheme, the financial assistance will be provided for free food offered by charitable/religious institutions like Gurudwara, Temples, Dharmik Ashram, Mosques, Dargah, Church, Math, Monasteries etc.

    • The specific raw food items covered under the Scheme are: (i) Ghee (ii) Edible Oil (iii) Sugar/Burra/Jaggery (iv) Rice (v) Atta/Maida/Rava/Flour and (vi) Pulses.



  • Criteria for financial assistance:
    • These Charitable Religious Institutions should have been distributing free food in the form of ‘prasad’, ‘langar’/bhandara (community kitchen) to at least 5000 persons in a calendar month for at least past 3 years.

    • Financial Assistance under the scheme shall be given only to those institutions which are not in receipt of any Financial Assistance from the Central/State Government for the purpose of distributing free food.

    • The Institution/Organization blacklisted under the provisions of Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) or under the provisions of any Act/Rules of the Central/State shall not be eligible for financial assistance under the scheme.



Source : PIB
Culture

Current Affairs
July 16, 2019

ABORTION
The Supreme Court admitted a writ petition seeking to decriminalise abortion and allowing women the right to exercise their reproductive choice.
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Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act of 1971: Key Provisions

  • Abortion is not permissible after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

  • The law largely allows a woman to abort only if continuance of the pregnancy, according to a medical practitioner, involves a risk to her life; grave physical or mental injury; or risk of serious foetal abnormalities.

  • While it protects married woman by allowing them to terminate an “unplanned and unwanted pregnancy, the same is not extended to single women”. This adversely affects the sexual autonomy of single women.

  • The Act does not allow abortion of pregnancy in the case of minors or mentally ill persons without the consent of the guardian. As a consequence the guardian enjoys complete autonomy over such persons.

Important Info :

Arguments by the petitioners: 

  • Not allowing abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy is harsh. Several genuine cases had come up where foetuses with serious risk of abnormalities causing risk to health of the mother were noticed after the 20-week period.
  • Not allowing abortion in genuine cases after 20 weeks has forced women to move the Supreme Court for permission to end their pregnancy. This had led to a lot of mental and financial hardship to pregnant women.
  • The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill 2014 and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill 2017 have proposed to enhance the cap for termination of pregnancy to 24 weeks.
  • The right to conceive or end pregnancy is at the core of one’s privacy and right to health recognised by Article 21 of the Constitution.
Source : The Hindu
Ethics

Current Affairs
July 16, 2019

DEVI AHILYA BAI HOLKAR INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
In Madhya Pradesh, the first international flight from Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar International Airport of Indore left for Dubai today with 153 passengers on board.
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About:

  • Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar International Airport is an international airport. In May 2019, it was declared as an international airport in pursuance of sub-rule (b) of rule 3 of the Passport (Entry into India) Rules, 1950.

  • It is located 8 km west of Indore and principally serves Indore and adjacent regions of Madhya Pradesh.

  • The airport is named after Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar of Indore (1725 – 1795), belonging to the Holkar dynasty of the Maratha Empire.

Source : All India Radio
Economy

Current Affairs
July 16, 2019

CHINESE GROWTH SLOWDOWN
China's economic growth slowed to 6.2 % in the second quarter of this year, weakest in nearly three decades.
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About: 

  • China's economic growth slowed to a record low of 6.2 % in the second quarter of this year. Government data showed that Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth slid from 6.4 % in the first quarter to 6.2 %.

  • This is the weakest growth rate in the last 27 years for the world's second-largest economy.

  • The growth, however, was in line with the government's annual target range of 6.0-6.5 % for the whole year, down from the 6.6 % growth China put up in 2018.

  • Reason: This was the result of a trade war with the United States and weakening global demand.

  • Way ahead:
    • China will make timely use of cuts in banks' reserve requirement ratios (RRR) and other financing tools to support smaller firms, while repeating a vow not to use “flood-like” stimulus.

    • China has relied largely on fiscal stimulus to underpin growth this year, announcing massive tax cuts worth nearly 2 trillion yuan ($291 billion) and a quota of 2.15 trillion yuan for special bond issuance by local governments aimed at boosting infrastructure construction.



Source : The Hindu
International

Current Affairs
July 16, 2019

VACCINATION
According to a joint study by the WHO and UNICEF, 20 million children worldwide failed to receive potentially lifesaving vaccines in 2018.
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Key highlights of the report: 

  • More than one in 10 children – almost 20 million worldwide – failed to receive potentially lifesaving vaccines in 2018.  

  • In 2018, 19.4 million children were not fully vaccinated, up from 18.7 million in 2017. 

  • 10 countries accounted for 11.7 of the 19.4 million under and non-vaccinated youngsters in the world, in particular Nigeria (three million), India (2.6 million) and Pakistan (1.4 million). 

  • Global protection against four diseases that are regarded as a gauge of overall coverage - diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and measles - has “stalled” at around 86 % since 2010. Ideally, it should be 95 % across countries and communities globally. 

  • The best regional performer for vaccine reach in 2018 was Europe, whose more than 90 % rate was 18 % higher than Africa, the lowest-performing region. 

  • Conflict, Cost and Complacency are key factors in stagnating global vaccination rates. 

  • Some 350,000 measles cases were reported globally last year -- more than double the 2017 number. Ukraine has been identified as the country with the highest measles incidence rate in 2018. 

Source : All India Radio
Social Issues

Current Affairs
July 16, 2019

NATIONAL INVESTIGATIVE AGENCY (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2019
The Lok Sabha passed the National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Bill, 2019.
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Features of the Bill: 

  • The amendment will strengthen the National Investigation Agency (NIA) to speed up trials in terrorism-related cases. By designating special courts, the cases would be expedited and transfers or delay in appointments of judges would not delay them. 

  • The agency will be able to investigate terrorist acts against Indian embassies and assets abroad and take up cases of drug, arms and women trafficking apart from cyber-terrorism. 

Important Info :

DEBATE: 

Arguments against bill: 

  • Opposition parties warned that additional powers to NIA may create a police state as there are possibilities of misusing the agency for political vendetta. 
  • They wanted investigation and prosecution to be separated to safeguard the right of the accused to access justice. 

Arguments in favour of Bill by Government: 

  • Government assured that it will not be misused. It is only aimed at eliminating terrorism. Government is governed by Rule of Law and all investigative agencies follow the procedure established by law.
  • The amendment would not curtail the rights of any citizen under the relevant Articles of the constitution.
  • POTA should not have been removed in the first place, as it led to a rise in acts of terror. NIA was introduced in the absence of POTA to wipe out terrorism from the country.
Source : PIB
Defence & Security
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