Daily MCQ
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28 February 2020 MCQs Test

10 Questions 20 Minutes

Current Affairs
Feb. 28, 2020

LIGHT COMBAT HELICOPTER (LCH)
Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh inaugurated the new Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) Production Hangar at Helicopter Division in Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) Complex at Bengaluru, Karnataka.
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About:

  • Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) is a 5.5-tonne class combat helicopter designed and developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) – a Defence Public Sector Undertaking (DPSU).

  • It is powered by two Shakti engines and inherits many technical features of the Advanced Light Helicopter.

  • LCH has the distinction of being the first attach helicopter to land in Forward Bases at Siachen, 4,700 mts above sea level with 500kg load. 

Source : All India Radio
Defence & Security

Current Affairs
Feb. 28, 2020

YARD 45006 VAJRA
The sixth offshore patrol vessel 'Yard 45006 VAJRA' to enhance coastal security was formally launched in the presence of Union Shipping Minister.
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About:

  • The 'Yard 45006' is the sixth in the series of seven offshore patrol vessels project that is designed and indigenously built by Larsen and Toubro Shipbuilding in line with the Centre's 'Make in India' vision.

  • It is equipped with two diesel driven engines and can reach a maximum speed of 26 knots.

  • The ship would be fitted with CRN-91 and 12.7 mm guns and an integral twin engine helicopter enhancing its operational, surveillance, search and rescue capability.

  • The vessel would be be utilised for day and night surveillance along with anti-terrorist, anti-smuggling operations in the exclusive economic zone.

  • The vessel is expected to be inducted into the Coast Guard after completion of extensive trials and testing for the equipment and machinery. 

Source : Economic Times
Defence & Security

Current Affairs
Feb. 28, 2020

INDIA-MYANMAR RELATIONS
President of Myanmar, U Win Myint, paid a State Visit to India from 26 to 29 February 2020.
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About:

  • Both sides signed 10 agreements in various fields such as:
    • MoU on Cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons

    • MoU for Cooperation on Combating Timber Trafficking, and Conservation of Tigers and other Wildlife

    • Agreement regarding Indian Grant Assistance for Implementation of Quick Impact Projects (QIP)

    • MoU for cooperation in the field of petroleum products

    • Project Agreement for construction of pre-schools under Rakhine State Development Programme



  • India reiterated its support for peace , stability and development in Rakhine state. Coordinated Bus Service between Imphal and Mandalay is expected to begin from April this year.

  • The Indian side reiterated its commitment for construction of the Integrated Check Post in Tamu, Myanmar. 

Source : All India Radio
International

Current Affairs
Feb. 28, 2020

NATIONAL SCIENCE DAY 2020
National Science Day (NSD) is being celebrated at Vigyan Bhawan on February 28 with ‘Women In Science’ as the focal theme of the programme.
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About:

  • National Science Day (NSD) is celebrated every year on 28 February by the Government of India to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’. designated 28 February as in 1986.

  • On this day, Sir C.V. Raman announced the discovery of the 'Raman Effect' for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930.

  • National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC), Department of Science and Technology (DST) acts as a nodal agency to coordinate celebration of the National Science Day throughout the country

  • On the occasion, President Ram Nath Kovind presented several awards for science communication and popularization as well as for women scientists such as:
    • National Science and Technology and Communication Awards,

    • Augmenting Writing Skills For Articulating Research (AWSAR) awards,

    • SERB Women Excellence Awards and

    • National Award For Young Woman Showing Excellence Through Application Of Technology For Societal Benefits. 



Source : PIB
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Feb. 28, 2020

RAISE 2020
The Government of India (GoI) announced the mega event, RAISE 2020- ‘Responsible AI for Social Empowerment 2020,’ to be held from April 11-12 in New Delhi.
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About:

  • RAISE 2020 is India's first Artificial Intelligence summit to be organized by the Government in partnership with Industry & Academia.

  • The summit will be a global meeting of minds to exchange ideas to use AI for social empowerment, inclusion and transformation in key areas like Healthcare, Agriculture, Education and Smart Mobility amongst other sectors.

  • The event will start with a Startup Challenge – Pitchfest followed by the two-day summit, organized by Government of India along with Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology. 

Source : PIB
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Feb. 28, 2020

HURUN GLOBAL RICH LIST 2020
The ninth edition of the Hurun Global Rich List was recently released.
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Key findings of the list:

  • The Hurun Global Rich List 2020 has a list of 2,817 individuals across the globe having a networth of USD 1 billion or more.

  • The world has added 480 billionaires in 2019, more than one a day, while China added more than three a week and India did more than three billionaires a month.

  • China and the US occupied the first and second spot with 799 and 626 billionaires, respectively.

  • India added 34 new billionaires to take the count to 138 on the list which has helped the country to feature at the third position globally.

  • China (799) is home to more billionaires than the US (626) and India combined.

  • Mumbai is the home to more than a third of the richest individuals in the country with 50 of them living in the megapolis, making it the ninth richest city globally, followed by New Delhi with 30, Bengaluru with 17 and Ahmedabad with 12.

  • With USD 67 billion in networth, Mukesh Ambani (minting Rs 7 crore every hour) is also the ninth richest in the world which is topped by Jeff Bezos of Amazon with USD 140 billion.

  • Oyo founder Ritesh Agarwal, just 24 years old, is the youngest Indian in the rich list with a networth of USD 1.1 billion. 

Important Info :
  • The Hurun report is a luxury publishing and events group set up in London in 1998 with strong presence in China.
Source : Economic Times
Economy

Current Affairs
Feb. 28, 2020

InSight MARS LANDER
NASA published a set of six papers to reveal findings of NASA’s InSight lander mission.
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About:

  • Name: InSight is an acronym for “Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport”.

  • Agencies involved: This mission is part of “NASA's Discovery Program.”

  • Significance: It is the first mission to study in-depth the "inner space" of Mars: its crust, mantle, and core.

  • Mission Objectives: InSight won’t be looking for life on Mars. Instead It will study its insides i.e. it seeks to understand the formation and evolution of terrestrial planets through investigation of the interior structure and processes of Mars.

  • Timeline: The mission successfully landed at Elysium Planitia on Mars in November 2018. 

Important Info :

Key findings:

  • Trembles: Mars trembles more often than expected, but also more mildly. Mars doesn’t have tectonic plates like Earth, but it does have volcanically active regions that can cause rumbles.
  • Magnetism: At a Martian site called Homestead hollow, the magnetic signals are 10 times stronger than what was predicted earlier.
  • Dust devils: It has detected/felt (but hasn’t seen yet) thousands of passing whirlwinds, which are called dust devils when they pick up grit and become visible. 
Source : Indian Express
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Feb. 28, 2020

HENNEGUYA SALMINICOLA
An international team of researchers has found Henneguya salminicola, a multicellular animal with no mitochondrial DNA, making it the only known animal to exist without the need to breathe oxygen.
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Background:

  • One of the common characteristics of all multicellular animals on Earth is mitochondrial respiration—the process by which oxygen is used to generate adenosine triphosphate—the fuel used to power cellular processes. The process takes place in mitochondria.

  • But now, there is a known exception: Henneguya salminicola.

 H. Salminicola:

  • salminicola, member of the group Myxozoa, is a microscopic parasite that infects salmon.

  • In their work, the researchers sequenced the DNA of H. salminicola tissue and found no mitochondrial DNA at all. The researchers suggest they likely steal energy from their host using some type of proteins.

Source : Indian Express
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Feb. 28, 2020

ULSOOR LAKE
The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has ordered the constitution of a joint committee to take water samples from Ulsoor lake to ascertain whether the lake is being polluted owing to illegal activity.
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About:

  • Ulsoor Lake or Halasuru Lake is one of the biggest lakes in Bengaluru.

  • It is also known as Halasuru Lake. It derives its name from the name of the locality it is situated, namely, Halasuru in Bangalore.

  • Even though the lake is dated to Kempegowdas' time, the present lake was created by Sir Lewin Bentham Bowring, the then Commissioner of Bangalore. 

Source : The Hindu
Geography
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