Aug. 31, 2021

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

ONLINE GAMING ADDICTION
Chinese regulators slashed the amount of time players under the age of 18 can spend on online games to an hour of gameplay on Fridays, weekends and holidays, in response to growing concern over gaming addiction.

About:

  • The rules, published by the National Press and Publication Administration, said users under the age of 18 will only be able to play games from 8 p.m. to 9 p.m. local time on those days.

  • Online gaming companies will be barred from providing gaming services to them in any form outside those hours and need to ensure they have put real name verification systems in place, said the regulator, which oversees the country's video games market.

  • Previously, China limited the total length of time minors could access online games to three hours on holiday or 1.5 hours on other days.

  • The National Press and Publication Administration also told Xinhua it would increase the frequency and intensity of inspections for online gaming companies to ensure they were putting in place time limits and anti-addiction systems.

Source : The Hindu
Sports

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

BUDDHADEB GUHA
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has expressed deep grief over the passing away of eminent writer, Shri Buddhadeb Guha.

About:

  • Buddhadeb Guha (29 June 1936 – 29 August 2021) was an Indian writer of fiction in Bengali language.

  • His early life is depicted in his Rivu series. Some of the Rivu books are dedicated to friends from his youth.

  • He was also the creator of Rijuda, an imaginary character who explores jungles with his sidekick Rudra. The jungles that he wrote about were mainly in Eastern India.

  • Guha received Ananda Puraskar in 1976.

Source : The Hindu
Culture

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

LADDU DISTRIBUTION SCHEME
Union Home Minister, Shri Amit Shah launched nutritious a ‘Laddu Distribution Scheme’ for pregnant women in his Parliamentary constituency Gandhinagar.

About:

  • Around 7,000 pregnant womenin Gandhinagar area will be provided 15 nutritious laddu each, free of cost, till birth of their child, through NGOs

  • There will be no expenditure by the Government, as the responsibility for this will be borne by the NGOs.

Source : The Hindu
Health

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

NATIONAL SMALL INDUSTRY DAY
Every year on August 30, the country celebrates National Small Industry Day. On August 30, 2000, a comprehensive policy package for the SSI (Small Scale Industry) sector was launched, providing significant support to small firms in India.

Some of the key reforms introduced by Ministry of MSME are:

  • Revision of MSME definition: Government of India approved the upward revision of MSME definition on 1st June 2020 under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Package. The Government revised the MSME classification by inserting composite criteria of both investment and annual turnover.

  • Udyam Registration: Udyam is an online and simplified procedure of filing of registration which enables MSMEs to obtain registration without any documentation and fees.

  • Champions Portal: It is an ICT based technology system aimed at making the smaller units big by solving their grievances, encouraging, supporting, helping and handholding throughout the business lifecycle. The platform facilitates a single window solution for all needs of MSMEs.

  • National SC-ST Hub (NSSH): National SC-ST Hub has been launched to promote entrepreneurship culture in the SC-ST community and fulfill the 4% procurement target mentioned in the Public Procurement Policy order, 2018.

  • Self-Reliant India (SRI) Fund: The scheme is expected to facilitate equity financing of Rs.50,000 crore in the MSME Sector. The infusion of equity will provide an opportunity to get MSMEs listed in stock exchanges.

  • Procurement Policy: For providing marketing support to MSEs, all Central Ministries/Government Departments and CPSEs are required to procure 25% of their annual requirements of goods and services from MSEs including 4% from MSEs owned by SC/ST and 3% from MSEs owned by women entrepreneurs under the Public Procurement Policy.

  • Establishment of Enterprise Development Centers (EDCs): Till date Ministry of MSME has set up 102 EDCs across India. The aim of these centers is to build a network of entrepreneurial leaders by providing professional mentoring and handholding support services to existing as well as aspiring MSMEs with special focus on rural enterprises on continuous basis.

Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF INDIA TRAINING INSTITUTE (GSITI)
Geological Survey of India Training Institute (GSITI), Hyderabad, the training and capacity building wing of the Geological Survey of India (GSI), under the Ministry of Mines has recently launched its 24x7 website for round-the-clock accessibility of various online training courses on Earth Sciences to its stakeholders.

About:

  • With the intent of providing induction-level orientation training to the new incumbents of GSI, the Training Institute was established in 1976.

  • Over the last 45 years, GSITI has expanded to nine (09) training sites of GSITI located at Hyderabad, Nagpur, Lucknow, Kolkata, Shillong, Raipur, Zawar (Rajasthan), Chitradurga (Karnataka), and Kuju (Jharkhand).

  • Hyderabad Centre, with a full-fledged campus of its own, is designated as headquarters for all other eight centres.

Source : PIB
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

MOHANPUR SUB-STATION
Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs inaugurated the newly constructed 132/33/11 kV Mohanpur Sub-station in Tripura on 27th August, 2021, in presence of Chief Minister of Tripura.

North Eastern Region Power System Improvement Project (NERPSIP)

  • This Sub-station has been constructed by Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID), a Maharatna CPSU under Ministry of Power, Government of India for Tripura under North Eastern Region Power System Improvement Project (NERPSIP).

  • NERPSIP is a Central sector plan scheme of the Ministry of Power, Government of India, envisioned to drive economic development of the North Eastern region of the country.

  • The scheme is being implemented through POWERGRID, for six beneficiary North Eastern states namely, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura.

  • The main objective of the project is Government of India’s commitment for the total economic development of North Eastern Region and to strengthen the Intra-State Transmission & Distribution Infrastructure in the North East region.

Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

TOKYO PARALYMPIC GAMES
Sumit Antil set three world records on his way to winning the men’s Javelin Throw F64 gold medal on debut in the Paralympic Games in Tokyo.

About:

  • He dominated the competition with the four best throws by any competitor, finally writing the world record at 68.55m with his fifth attempt.

  • India also won a silver and a bronze medal in the F46 Javelin Throw through Devendra Jhajharia (64.35m) and Sundar Singh Gurjar (64.01m) respectively.

  • Avani Lekhara, 19-year-old para shooter, made history on Monday by winning the elusive Tokyo Paralympic Games gold.

Source : PIB
Sports

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

MAPPING GROUNDWATER SOURCES
Science and Technology Minister Dr Jitendra Singh said, mapping groundwater sources by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) will help to utilise groundwater for drinking purposes and supplement Prime Minister Modi’s Har Ghar Nal Se Jal Mission.

About:

  • CSIR in collaboration National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) have undertaken High Resolution Aquifer Mapping and Management in Arid Regions of North Western India to augment the groundwater resources.

  • Heli-borne geophysical mapping technique of CSIR-NGRI provides high resolution 3D image of the sub-surface up to a depth of 500 metres below the ground.

  • This technique is cost-effective, precise and is useful to map large areas within a short time to map the vast extent of groundwater resources in arid regions of our country.

  • The entire work will be completed by 2025 with more than 1.5 lakh square kilometers of area with an estimated cost of 141 crore rupees.

  • The ultimate aim of this project is to map the potential sites for groundwater withdrawal and conservation.

Source : All India Radio
Environment & Ecology

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

RECCE TROOP
One soldier died and more than three dozen had to be hospitalised for heat stroke symptoms after taking part in a Corps Level Recce Troop Competition organised by the Army at the Mamum Military Station near Pathankot a week back.

About:

  • The Mamun-based Infantry Division of the Army had organised a recce troop competition in which all armoured and mechanised units of the Corps were taking part.

  • The Division falls under Army’s 9 Corps, which is headquartered in Yol, a cantonment town in Kangra district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.

  • The competition was being held to judge the skills and fitness of the soldiers who form part of the recce troop in every armoured regiment and mechanised infantry battalion.

What is a recce troop?

  • Reconnaissance or recce troop is a section level sub unit in every armoured regiment and mechanised infantry battalion of the Army.

  • A section means that it comprises approximately one officer and 30 jawans.

  • The recce troop is supposed to be the eyes and ears of the unit as well as the higher formations as, in a war, they are supposed to operate ahead of the main unit and keep an eye on the activities of the enemy.

  • The recce troop is equipped with light four-wheeled vehicles and also have specialised equipment, which can help keep a tab on the enemy forces in the area.

Source : Indian Express
Defence & Security

Current Affairs
Aug. 31, 2021

RIGHTS ISSUE
The board of directors of Bharti Airtel has approved the company’s plan to raise up to Rs 21,000 crore by way of a rights issue.

About:

  • Under Company Laws, a rights issue is one of the many ways in which a company can raise additional capital when they need it.

  • A rights issue gives investors the option, or a right to buy new shares of the company at a discount to the current market price.

  • Only existing shareholders of a company can participate in the rights issue. This means that instead of going to the general public at large, only the existing shareholders of the company can buy additional shares in the company if they so wish to.

  • Companies also declare a rights entitlement ratio when declaring a rights issue. For example, if a company declares an entitlement ratio of 1:4, it means that for every four shares that a shareholder already has, they can buy one more share in the rights issue.

Source : Indian Express
Economy

Aug. 30, 2021

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

NATIONAL MONETISATION PIPELINE (NMP)
To make the National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) a success, the government should give Income Tax breaks to attract retail investors into instruments such as Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs), the NITI Aayog has recommended.

About:

  • The Centre’s think tank driving the NMP, estimated to raise almost ₹6 lakh crore for the exchequer over four years, has also called for bringing such trusts within the ambit of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) to provide greater comfort to investors.

  • Bringing in policy and regulatory changes to scale up monetisation instruments such as InvITs and Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and expand their investor base have been identified as a critical element for the NMP.

  • The government plans to use the InvIT and REIT route to monetise public assets such as highways, gas pipelines, railway tracks and power transmission lines. 

Important Info :

Section 54EC of the Income Tax Act, 1961

  • More tax-efficient and user-friendly mechanisms like allowing tax benefits in InvITs as eligible security to invest under Section 54EC of the Income Tax Act, 1961, are important starting points for initiating retail participation in the instruments
  • Section 54EC allows taxpayers to offset long-term capital gains from transactions in immoveable properties through investments in bonds issued by some government-backed infrastructure firms. 
Source : The Hindu
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

DIMASAS
A suspected militant attack left five truckers dead in Assam’s Dima Hasao hill district. Intelligence inputs suggest that an outfit called the Dimasa National Liberation Army (DNLA) was behind the attack.

Who are the Dimasas?

  • The Dimasas (or Dimasa-Kacharis) are the earliest known rulers and settlers of Assam, and now live in Dima Hasao, Karbi Anglong, Cachar, Hojai and Nagaon districts of central and southern Assam, as well as parts of Nagaland.

  • Prior to Ahom rule, the Dimasa kings — believed to be the descendants of the rulers of the ancient Kamarupa kingdom — ruled large parts of Assam along the south bank of the Brahmaputra between the 13th and 16th centuries.

  • Their earliest historically known capital was Dimapur (now in Nagaland), and later Maibang in North Cachar Hills.

What is the history of militancy in Dima Hasao?

  • The hill districts of Assam — Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao (earlier North Cachar Hills) — have had a long history of insurgency by Karbi and Dimasa groups which peaked in the mid-1990s, and was rooted in a core demand of statehood.

  • Both districts are now protected under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution, and allows for greater political autonomy and decentralised governance in certain tribal areas of the Northeast.

  • They are run by the North Cachar Hills Autonomous Council and the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council respectively.

Source : Indian Express
Social Issues

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

UN SECURITY COUNCIL
India has assumed Presidency of the UN security council. The presidency of the Council is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the English alphabetical order of the Member States’ names.

About:

  • Prime Minister Modi virtually presided over the Council meeting. He is the first Indian Prime Minister to do so.

  • Last year when the UN celebrated the 75th year of its foundation, India was elected to the Council along with Ireland, Kenya, Mexico and Norway. India began its eighth term on January 1, 2021.

  • Since all other countries come after India sequentially, it gives India another chance to assume the presidency in December next year.

Important Info :
  • India is a founding member of the UN. That India signed the Charter of the United Nations along with 50 other countries in 1945 even before gaining independence is a measure of its credentials—millennial civilisations, multi-faceted diversities and peaceful vocation.
  • Vijaya Laxmi Pandit was elected president of the eight-session of the UN General Assembly in 1953, the first woman to head the organisation.
  • Since the onset of its peacekeeping mission in 1948, India has sent contingents on 49 occasions, contributed close to 200,000 troops, and in 2007 had the unique distinction of deploying the first all-women peacekeeping force to Liberia.
Source : All India Radio
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

Y-BREAK APP
Union Ayush Minister launched the Y-Break App.

About:

  • The Y-Break mobile application has been developed by MDNIY (Morarji Desai National Institute of Yoga).

  • Through this app, yoga and meditation can be done anywhere in just 5 minutes.

Source : PIB
Health

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

BHAVINA PATEL
Bhavinaben Patel created history by winning India's first silver medal in women's singles class 4 table tennis at Tokyo Paralympics.

About:

  • Bhavina Hasmukhbhai Patel is an Indian parathlete and table tennis player from Mehsana, Gujarat.

  • She won a silver medal in Class 4 Table tennis at the 2020 Summer Paralympics in Tokyo.

Source : PIB
Sports

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

INDIA-RUSSIA RELATIONS
The Union Cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved the signing of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and Institute of Professional Accountants of Russia (IPAR).

About:

  • The Memorandum of Understanding between ICAI of India and IPAR of Russia, is expected to give ICAI Members a boost in their quest for professional possibilities in Russia.

  • The ICAI will be able to help deepen the partnership with Russia by providing Export of Accountancy Services under the terms of the MoU. 

Important Info :

Do you know?

  • The Institute of Professional Accountants of Russia (IPAR) is the largest not-for-profit accounting organisation of Russia.
  • The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) is a statutory body which was established under the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 to regulate the profession of Chartered Accountants in the country.
Source : All India Radio
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

FIT INDIA MOBILE APP
Sports Minister Shri Anurag Singh Thakur launched the Fit India Mobile App on National Sports Day.

About:

  • The Fit India App is free and available in English & Hindi on both the Android and the iOS platforms.

  • The Fit India Movement was launched on 29th August 2019 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi with the vision of making India a Fit and Healthy Nation.

  • Over the past two years, the Fit India Movement has reached millions of people across the country through its various fitness campaigns such as Fit India School Week, Fit India Freedom Run, Fit India Cyclothon and many others.

  • Currently, the Fit India Movement is also conducting Fit India Freedom Run 2.0 in celebration of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to celebrate and commemorate 75 years of India’s Independence.

Source : All India Radio
Sports

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

15TH FINANCE COMMISSION
Rs. 1,42,084 Crore tied grant to rural local bodies (RLBs)/ panchayats for water and sanitation for the five years 2021–22 to 2025–26, which has been recommended by the 15th Finance Commission, will have a huge impact on ensuring these services in villages and thus on public health and quality of life in rural areas.

About:

  • In all, the 15th Finance Commission recommended Rs. 2,36,805 Crore to RLBs/ PRIs for the period 2021-22 to 2025-26.

  • Commission also identified ‘water supply and sanitation’ as national priority areas, which determines the quality of life of people living in rural areas.

  • It has recommended 60% of the allocation to RLBs/ Panchayats i.e. Rs. 1,42, 084 Crore as a tied grant to be utilized for a.) supply of drinking water, rainwater harvesting and water recycling; and b.) sanitation & maintenance of open-defecation free (ODF) status.

  • The Dept. of Drinking Water & Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti, Govt of India will act as the nodal Department for determining the eligibility of the rural local bodies for the ‘15th FC tied grant for water & sanitation’ and recommend release of tied grant for water & sanitation, to the Dept. of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance for all States.

Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

VIVAD SE VISHWAS ACT
CBDT extends date under section 3 of the Vivad se Vishwas Act.

About:

  • Under The Direct Tax Vivad se Vishwas Act 2020 (hereinafter referred to as “Vivad se Vishwas Act”), the amount payable by the declarant is stated in the table under section 3 of the Vivad se Vishwas Act.

  • As per the latest notification dated 25th June 2021, the last date of payment of the amount (without any additional amount) has been notified as 31st August 2021. Further the last date for payment of the amount (with additional amount) under Vivad se Vishwas Act has been notified as 31st October, 2021.

  • Considering the difficulties being faced in issuing and amending Form no 3, which is a prerequisite for making payment by the declarant under Vivad se Vishwas Act, it has been decided to extend the last date of payment of the amount (without any additional amount) to 30th September, 2021. Necessary notification to this effect shall be issued shortly.

  • It is, however, clarified that there is no proposal to change the last date for payment of the amount (with additional amount) under Vivad se Vishwas Act, which remains as 31st October, 2021.

Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 30, 2021

CARD-TOKENISATION SERVICES
The Reserve Bank of India has permitted authorised card networks to offer card tokenisation services to any token requestor in a bid to make card transactions more safe, secure and convenient for the users.

About:

  • In a notification issued, RBI said that it has provided the facility to interested card holders only for their mobile phones and tablets.

  • There has been an uptake in the volume of tokenised card transactions during the recent months and on a review of the framework and keeping in view stakeholders feedback, RBI decided to extend the scope of tokenisation to include consumer devices – laptops, desktops, wearables (wrist watches, bands, etc.) and Internet of Things (IoT) devices.

Source : All India Radio
Economy

Aug. 29, 2021

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

HYDROPOWER PROJECTS IN THE HIMALAYAS
The Environment Ministry, in an affidavit placed in the Supreme Court earlier this month, has disclosed that it has permitted seven hydroelectric power projects, which are reportedly in advanced stages of construction, to go ahead.

About:

  • One of them is the 512 MW Tapovan Vishnugadh project, in Joshimath, Uttarakhand that was damaged by a flood in February.

  • Though hearings in the Supreme Court are ongoing, this is the first time that the government has a formal uniform position on hydropower projects in the Uttarakhand region.

Background

  • In the aftermath of the Kedarnath floods of 2013 that killed at least 5,000 people, the Supreme Court had halted the development of hydroelectric projects in Uttarakhand pending a review by the Environment Ministry on the role such projects had played in amplifying the disaster.

  • A 17-member expert committee, led by environmentalist Ravi Chopra, was set up by the Ministry to examine the role of 24 such proposed hydroelectric projects in the Alaknanda and Bhagirathi basin, which has the Ganga and several tributaries. The Chopra committee concluded that 23 projects would have an “irreversible impact” on the ecology of the region.

  • Following this, six private project developers, whose projects were among those recommended to be axed, impleaded themselves in the case on the ground that since their projects had already been cleared for construction before the Kedarnath tragedy, they should be allowed to continue.

  • The SC directed a new committee to be set up to examine their case. This committee, led by Vinod Tare of the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, concluded that these projects could have a significant environmental impact.

  • The Environment Ministry in 2015 set up yet another committee, led by B.P. Das, who was part of the original committee, but had filed a “dissenting report”. The Das committee recommended all six projects with design modifications to some.

Source : The Hindu
Environment

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

ISLAMIC STATE KHORASAN
Scores of people were killed in several explosions at Kabul’s Hamid Karzai Airport. The Afghan offshoot of the terror organization “Islamic State,” known as ISIS-Khorasan, IS-K or ISIS-K claimed responsibility for the attacks.

About:

  • Names: Islamic State in Khorasan Province (ISK) is also known as ISISK, IS-KP, or ISIS-K. The group takes its name from the Khorasan Province, an area that once included wide swaths of Afghanistan, Iran and central Asia in the Middle Ages.

  • Areas of operation: It is a militant branch of the ISIS, mainly active in the border region of eastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan (Nangarhar province in the eastern part of Afghanistan bordering Pakistan). However, its area of operations also includes other parts of South Asia, such as India where individuals have pledged allegiance to it.

  • Formation: It was set up in 2015

  • Activities: IS-K has targeted Afghan security forces, Afghan politicians and ministries, the Taliban, religious minorities, including Shia Muslims and Sikhs, US and NATO forces, and international agencies, including aid organisations. However, it has failed to hold any territory in the region, suffering huge losses because of Taliban and US-led military operations.

  • Members: It recruits both Afghan and Pakistani jihadists. it mainly comprises defectors from Tehrik-i-Taliban (TTP) and Afghan Taliban who don't see their own organisation as extreme enough. However, some maintain that ISKP is run by Pakistan’s Inter State Intelligence.

Source : Indian Express
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

RIGHT TO BE FORGOTTEN
The Delhi High Court upheld the view that the “Right to Privacy” includes the “Right to be Forgotten” and the “Right to be Left Alone”.

About:

  • The court said this in an order passed in response to a suit filed by an unnamed Bengali actor.

  • The Right to be Forgotten falls under the purview of an individual’s right to privacy, which is governed by the Personal Data Protection Bill that is yet to be passed by Parliament.

  • In 2017, the Right to Privacy was declared a fundamental right by the Supreme Court in its landmark verdict.

  • The court said at the time that “the right to privacy is protected as an intrinsic part of the right to life and personal liberty under Article 21 and as a part of the freedoms guaranteed by Part III of the Constitution”.

Important Info :
  • Earlier in July, Ashutosh Kaushik who won reality TV shows Bigg Boss in 2008 and MTV Roadies 5.0 approached the Delhi High Court with a plea saying that his videos, photographs and articles etc. be removed from the internet citing his “Right to be Forgotten”.
  • In the plea, Kaushik maintained that the “Right to be Forgotten” goes in sync with the “Right to Privacy”, which is an integral part of Article 21 of the Constitution, which concerns the right to life.
Source : Indian Express
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

JALLIANWALA BAGH
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who is also the chairperson of the Jallianwala Bagh Memorial Trust, inaugurated the renovated Jallianwala Bagh complex in Amritsar on August 28.

About:

  • In 2019, approximately Rs 20 crore was earmarked by the Centre for the commemoration of 100 years of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

  • Restoration and conservation work, and the building of facilities such as toilets, ticketing counters, and drinking water, have been undertaken by the Ministry of Culture.

  • The famous ‘Shahidi Khu’ or Martyrs Well, into which people jumped to escape the hail of bullets, is now enclosed in a glass shield — a controversial decision that has been criticised since it is perceived to restrict the view.

Background

  • The monument was first opened by then President Dr Rajendra Prasad on April 13, 1961, as a grateful nation’s tribute to the victims of the massacre on April 13, 1919, when a large crowd had gathered at the Bagh to protest the arrest of nationalist leaders Saifuddin Kitchlu and Satya Pal.

  • In response to the massive gathering, the British officer Col. Reginald Edward Harry Dyer ordered his troops to fire into the crowd, killing several hundred people.

Source : Indian Express
History

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

HARI SINGH NALWA
Hari Singh Nalwa, a legendary Sikh commander, tamed the turbulent forces at play in Afghanistan and earned the reputation of the most feared Sikh warrior there.

About:

  • Hari Singh Nalwa was one of the main and most trustworthy commanders of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s force. He remained Governor of Kashmir, Hazara and Peshawar.

  • He defeated various Afghans and established control over various regions along the boundary of Afghanistan and prevented Afghans from entering Punjab through Khyber pass, which was the main route to enter India by the foreign invaders from 1000 AD till early 19th century.

  • In 1818, Sikh army under Nalwa won the Battle of Peshawar and Nalwa was asked to be stationed there. Nalwa took control over Jamrud in 1837, a fort at the entryway to Afghanistan through Khyber Pass.

  • For his bravery and ferocity, the government of India released a stamp on the name of Nalwa in 2013.

Source : Indian Express
History

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

AYUSH
Union Minister of Ayush Shri Sarbananda Sonowal Announces Major Plans for boosting AYUSH initiatives in Northeast.

About:

  • Financial provision of Rs 70 crore, under National Ayush Mission(NAM) support, is to be provided for establishment of a new Ayurvedic College at Dudhnoi in Goalpara, Assam.

  • The Ministry of AYUSH has also decided to upgrade the Government Ayurvedic College in Guwahati and develop it as a Centre of Excellence and a sum of Rs 10 crore as financial grant is to be provided in this regard.

  • as many as 1000 new Health & Wellness Centres (HWC), as part of the National Ayush Mission (NAM) Scheme, will be opened in the NE states for growth and development of Ayush systems. With an aim to boost the popularity of traditional medicines provided by Ayush, the minister also announced setting up of 100 Ayush dispensaries under NAM in the north east region.

  • It is also envisaged to set up Regional Raw Drug Repository (RRDR) in NE states in collaboration with National Institute of Bio-resources and sustainable development in Imphal, Manipur under Department of Bio-Technology.

  • The Ayush medical facilities under North-eastern State governments, central government and teaching hospitals in Ayush Colleges will be brought under Ayush-Health Management Information System (AHMIS) so as to develop digital data base of Ayush interventions in various disease management. 

Source : PIB
Health

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

PRADHAN MANTRI JAN-DHAN YOJANA (PMJDY)
Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) - National Mission for Financial Inclusion, completes seven years of successful implementation.

About:

  • Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is National Mission for Financial Inclusion to ensure access to financial services, namely, Banking/ Savings & Deposit Accounts, Remittance, Credit, Insurance, Pension in an affordable manner.

  • As on 18th August ’21 number of total PMJDY Accounts: 43.04 Crore; 55.47% (23.87 crore) Jan-Dhan account holders are women and 66.69% (28.70 crore) Jan Dhan accounts are in rural and semi-urban areas

  • As per extant RBI guidelines, a PMJDY account is treated as inoperative if there are no customer induced transactions in the account for over a period of two years

  • In August’21, out of total 43.04 crore PMJDY accounts, 36.86 crore (85.6%) are operative

  • Continuous increase in % of operative accounts is an indication that more an more of these accounts are being used by customers on a regular basis

  • Total deposit balances under PMJDY Accounts stand at Rs. 1,46,230 crore. Deposits have increased about 6.38 times with increase in accounts 2.4 times (Aug’21 / Aug’15).

  • Jan Dhan Darshak App: A mobile application, was launched to provide a citizen centric platform for locating banking touch points such as bank branches, ATMs, Bank Mitras, Post Offices, etc. in the country.

Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

ASSOCIATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY OF STATES (AREAS)
The Association of Renewable Energy of States (AREAS) celebrated its 7th Foundation Day yesterday.

About:

  • On this occasion Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs) were signed between AREAS and the three institutions, National Institute of Solar Energy, National Institute of Wind Energy and Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Bio Energy which function under the administrative control of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

  • Association of Renewable Energy Agencies (AREAS) came into existence on 27 08.2014 on the initiative of Ministry of New & Renewable Energy.

  • All State Nodal Agencies for renewable energy are members of AREAS. On this platform, they can learn from each came into existence and other’s experience in promotion of renewable energy in the country.

Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

OPERATION DEVI SHAKTI
An Indian Air Force (IAF) flight carrying 24 Indian and 11 Nepalese evacuees from Kabul is on its way to Delhi under operation Devi Shakti.

About:

  • Operation Devi Shakti is an ongoing operation of the Indian Armed Forces to evacuate Indian citizens and foreign nationals from Afghanistan after the collapse of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the fall of Kabul, the capital city, to the Taliban.

Source : Times of India
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 29, 2021

MAHAYOGI GORAKHNATH VISHWAVIDYALAYA
The President of India inaugurated the Mahayogi Gorakhnath Vishwavidyalaya at Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh.

About:

  • The President noted that this University would conduct employment generating courses keeping in view the need of the hour in addition to courses in Yoga, Ayurveda, medical education, higher education and technical education etc.

  • Maharana Pratap Education Council, established in 1932 with the goal of social upliftment through the spread of education, is running about 50 educational institutions in northern India, especially in eastern Uttar Pradesh.

  • The President said that India has a glorious history in higher education. From the world's first university at Taxila to the universities of Nalanda, Udantapuri, Vikramshila and Vallabhi, the tradition had faded for some time. 

Source : PIB
Education

Aug. 28, 2021

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

BH-SERIES
In order to facilitate seamless transfer of vehicles, the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways vide notification dated 26 Aug 2021, has introduced a new registration mark for new vehicles i.e. “Bharat series (BH-series)”.

About:

  • A vehicle bearing this registration mark shall not require assignment of a new registration mark when the owner of the vehicle shifts from one State to another.

  • Format of Bharat series (BH-series) Registration Mark -
    • YY BH #### XX

    • YY – Year of first registration

    • BH- Code for Bharat Series

    • ####- 0000 to 9999 (randomized)

    • XX- Alphabets (AA to ZZ)



  • This vehicle registration facility under “Bharat series (BH-series)” will be available on voluntary basis to Defense personnel, employees of Central Government/ State Government/ Central/ State Public Sector Undertakings and private sector companies/organizations, which have their offices in four or more States/Union territories.

  • The motor vehicle tax will be levied for two years or in multiple of two.

  • This scheme will facilitate free movement of personal vehicles across States/UTs of India upon relocation to a new State/UT.

  • After completion of the fourteenth year, the motor vehicle tax shall be levied annually which shall be half of the amount which was charged earlier for that vehicle.

Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

BRICS AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PLATFORM
Union Minister for Agriculture Narendra Singh Tomar announced the operationalization of BRICS Agricultural Research Platform prepared and set up in India for strengthening the cooperation in the field of agricultural research & innovations amongst the BRICS member States.

About:

  • The BRICS- Agricultural Research Platform, as a global platform for science-led agriculture will help in addressing the issues of world hunger, undernutrition, poverty and inequality by promoting sustainable agricultural development through strategic cooperation in agriculture and allied sector.

Source : PIB
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

ACTION PLAN 2021-24 FOR AGRICULTURAL COOPERATION AMONG BRICS COUNTRIES
Union Minister for Agriculture Narendra Singh Tomar addressed the 11th meeting of BRICS Agriculture Ministers under the theme BRICS Partnership for Strengthening Agro Biodiversity for Food Security and Nutrition.

About:

  • The Action Plan of 2021-24 for Agricultural Cooperation of BRICS Countries was adopted in the Ministers' meeting.

  • The Action Plan focuses on the themes of food security, welfare of farmers, conservation of agrobiodiversity, resilience of food and agricultural production systems, promotion of digital agricultural solutions etc. which are integral to the sustainable development of agriculture.

  • It has been proposed to include “Conservation and promotion of agrobiodiversity for nutrition and sustainability” as a focus area for collaboration in the Action Plan 2021-2024 for Agricultural Cooperation of BRICS Countries.

Source : PIB
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

QSim
Rajeev Chandrasekhar, Minister of State for Electronics & Information Technology, launched QSim – Quantum Computer Simulator Toolkit, to enable Researchers and Students to carryout research in Quantum Computing in a cost effective manner.

About:

  • QSim is an outcome of the project “Design and Development of Quantum Computer Toolkit (Simulator, Workbench) and Capacity Building”.

  • This is one of the first initiatives in the country to address the common challenge of advancing the Quantum Computing research frontiers in India.

  • This project is being executed collaboratively by IISc Bangalore, IIT Roorkee and C-DAC with the support of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Government of India.

QSim - Feature Highlights

  • Intuitive UI: QSim offers a robust QC Simulator integrated with a GUI based Workbench allowing students / researchers to create Quantum programs, visualize the instant circuit generation and simulated outputs.

  • Simulate noisy Quantum logic circuits: Helps simulate Quantum circuits with and without noise and test how well various algorithms work with imperfect quantum components. This is essential to simulate real-life conditions.

  • Pre-loaded Quantum algorithms and Examples: QSim comes loaded with Quantum programs and algorithms providing a head start to the users. E.g. QFT, Deutsch Jozsa, Grovers and so on.

  • Integrated with HPC: The quantum simulations are performed on powerful HPC resources allowing multiple users to submit jobs simultaneously with different QuBit configurations.

QSim - Offering Models

  • PARAM SHAVAK QSim - Standalone system with Quantum Simulator in a box

  • PARAM QSim Cloud - Available on cloud using HPC infrastructure PARAM SIDDHI AI (developed and deployed under NSM program)

Source : PIB
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

NEW DELHI STATEMENT ON ENVIRONMENT
At the 7th meeting of the BRICS Environment Ministerial 2021, India stressed on the need for taking concrete collective global actions against global environment and climate challenge, guided by equity, national priorities and circumstances, and the principles of “Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC)”.

About:

  • In the Meeting, the Environment Ministers adopted the New Delhi Statement on Environment, which is also aimed at furthering the spirit of Cooperation for Continuity, Consolidation and Consensus in Environment among the BRICS Nations.

  • The key areas proposed in the BRICS Environment Ministers’ Statement, 2021 are guided by the issues, which may have primacy in UN Biodiversity COP 15 and UNFCCC COP 26.

Source : PIB
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

KARMAYOGI
Union Minister of Personnel inaugurated the "Karmayogi" Digital Learning Facility for Civil Servants at the Institute of Secretariat Training & Management (ISTM), a premier Central Training Institution under the Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT).

About:

  • This digital learning platform will help further extending the citizen centric reforms initiated by the Government under ‘Mission Karmayogi’.

  • The National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (‘NPCSCB’) – “Mission Karmayogi” was approved by the Government on 2nd September, 2020 with the objective of enhancing governance through Civil Services Capacity Building.

  • NPCSCB has been carefully designed to lay the foundations for capacity building for Civil Servants so that they remain entrenched in Indian Culture and sensibilities and remain connected, with their roots, while they learn from the best institutions and practices across the world.

  • The training of Civil Servants at various Academies is being restructured to include optimum use of the digital learning platform of Integrated Government Online Training (iGOT).

Source : PIB
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

G20 MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT
The Union Minister of Women & Child Development, Smt. Smriti Irani addressed the First ever G20 Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment which was held at Santa Margherita Ligure, Italy in a hybrid format.

About:

  • G20 Conference on Women Empowerment acknowledged the common objectives and shared responsibilities to advance the goals of equality and development of women and girls in all spheres including STEM, Financial and Digital Literacy, Environment and Sustainability.

  • The members of the G20 are: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union.

Source : PIB
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI (AGN)
Indian researchers have discovered three supermassive black holes from three galaxies merging together to form a triple active galactic nucleus, a compact region at the center of a newly discovered galaxy that has a much-higher-than-normal luminosity.

About:

  • This rare occurrence in our nearby Universe indicates that small merging groups are ideal laboratories to detect multiple accreting supermassive black holes and increases the possibility of detecting such rare occurrences.

  • Supermassive black holes are difficult to detect because they do not emit any light. But they can reveal their presence by interacting with their surroundings.

  • When the dust and gas from the surroundings fall onto a supermassive black hole, some of the mass is swallowed by the black hole, but some of it is converted into energy and emitted as electromagnetic radiation that makes the black hole appear very luminous.

  • They are called active galactic nuclei (AGN) and release huge amounts of ionized particles and energy into the galaxy and its environment. Both of these ultimately contribute to the growth of the medium around the galaxy and ultimately the evolution of the galaxy itself.

  • Many AGN pairs have been detected in the past, but triple AGN are extremely rare, and only a handful has been detected before using X-ray observations.

Source : PIB
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR)
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has clarified that excess Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) expenditure prior to FY21 cannot be set off against future CSR expenditure requirements and that corporate donations to government schemes cannot be counted as CSR.

What is the clarification on setting off of excess CSR expenditure?

  • Companies with a minimum net worth of Rs 500 crore, turnover of Rs 1,000 crore, or net profit of Rs 5 crore are required to spend at least 2 per cent of their average profit for the previous three years on CSR activities every year.

  • The ministry has clarified that any CSR expenditure in excess of the mandated 2 per cent expenditure can be set off against mandatory CSR expenditure in the three subsequent fiscals.

  • Notably however, excess expenditure prior to FY21 is not eligible to be set off against future CSR requirements. The government had in May notified that donations made to the PM CARES fund on March 31, 2020 in excess of CSR requirements could be set off against CSR expenditure requirements for FY21.

Important Info :

What are other key clarifications?

  • The ministry has also clarified that companies have to ensure that funds transferred to implementing agencies are actually utilised for them to be counted towards mandatory CSR expenditure.
  • The circular also clarifies that funding government schemes cannot be counted as CSR, noting that “CSR should not be interpreted as a source of financing the resource gaps in government schemes.”
Source : Indian Express
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 28, 2021

e-SHRAM portal
Minister for Labour and Employment formally launched e-Shram portal, a database of unorganised sector workers, and handed it over to the States/UTs.

About:

  • The government aims to register 38 crore unorganised workers, such as construction labourers, migrant workforce, street vendors and domestic workers, among others. The workers will be issued an e-Shram card containing a 12 digit unique number, which, going ahead, will help in including them in social security schemes, officials said.

  • Portal will help build a comprehensive National Database of Unorganized Workers (NDUW) in the country. The government had earlier missed deadlines for creating the database, inviting criticism from the Supreme Court.

  • The registration of workers on the portal will be coordinated by the Labour Ministry, state governments, trade unions and CSCs, officials said.

  • A national toll free number — 14434 — will also be launched to assist and address the queries of workers seeking registration on the portal.

Source : PIB
Economy
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