Aug. 17, 2022

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

CORNEAS BIOENGINEERED FROM PIG COLLAGEN
For the first time, researchers in Sweden have been able to create a successful alternative — bioengineered cornea implants made of collagen derived from pig skin.

About:

  • The implant was used to successfully restore the vision of 20 people in India and Iran, most of whom were blind due to keratoconus, a disease that leads to thinning of the cornea. The findings were published in the journal Nature Biotechnology on August 11.
  • Researchers claim that there is a severe shortage of corneas, with only one available for 70 patients.
  • As a substitute for human corneas, the researchers utilised medical-grade collagen derived from pig skin, a byproduct of the food industry that is already used in medical devices for glaucoma surgery.
  • This is not only cheaper and easier to access than donated corneas, but requires a less invasive procedure and can be stored for a significantly longer period — up to two years, the study notes. 
Source : Indian Express
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS
India has contributed four lakh US dollars to four Voluntary Trust Funds as part of its commitment to global promotion and protection of human rights and support for United Nations Human Rights.

About:

  • India's Permanent Mission to the United Nations, Geneva in a tweet said that the contribution reflects India's commitment in this regard.
  • The four Trust Funds to which contribution has been made include the Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture, the Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation, the Voluntary Fund for financial and technical assistance for the implementation of Universal Periodic Review, and the Voluntary Technical Assistance Trust Fund to support the participation of Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDs) in the work of the council. 
Source : All India Radio
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

ONDIVEERAN
Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Dr L Murugan has expressed his gratitude to Communications Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw for authorizing a commemorative postal stamp for freedom fighter Ondiveeran. The stamp will be released on 20th August in Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu.

About:

  • Ondiveeran Pagadai (or Ondi Veeran) (died 20 August 1771) was an Indian commander-in-chief who fought against the British East India Company in Tamil Nadu.
  • Ondiveeran came from the Arunthathiyar community and is viewed by them as a hero.
Source : All India Radio
History

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

NAVROZ
On August 16, 2022, Navroz or the Parsi New Year is being celebrated.

About:

  • It is the most widely celebrated festival of the Parsi community.
  • This is seen as a harbinger of peace and prosperity. In Mumbai and its suburbs, which host a considerable population of Parsi community, the festival is celebrated with grand lunch and dinner with the best and finest variety of Parsi cuisine.
  • Parisis see this festival as the great occasion to get together, eat and mingle.
  • On this day, the Parsis visit the Agyaris or the fire temples to offer prayers. They feed the poor on this day, as the new year has to start on a good note. President Droupadi Murmu, Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar have greeted the people on the occasion. 
Source : All India Radio
Culture

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

SPACE KIDZ INDIA
Space Kidz India unfurled the Indian flag about 30 kilometres above the planet on Independence Day.

About:

  • The flag was sent to an altitude of 1 lakh 6 thousand feet above the planet on a balloon that unfurled it.
  • The event was part of the Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav slogan and under the Har Ghar Tiranga campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to celebrate the historic anniversary.
  • Space Kidz India is an organization creating 'young scientists for the country and spreading awareness among children for a borderless world.'
  • The organization recently launched a satellite into Low Earth Orbit. AzadiSAT was developed by 750 girl students from across India to mark the 75 years of Independence. 
Source : All India Radio
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

REGISTRIES OF HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS
National Health Authority has announced performance-based fund allocation to State and Union Territories for strengthening the registries of healthcare professionals and health facilities.

About:

  • This performance-based fund allocation will help in structured implementation of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission.
  • CEO of National Health Authority Dr RS Sharma said, the benefits of digital health services can be further extended to masses with the enthusiastic support from the States and UTs in registering more healthcare professionals and health facilities.
  • He said, States and UTs support will help in building national-level registries of healthcare professionals and health facilities. Five hundred crore rupees had been demarcated for setting up of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission's offices at State and UTs by the financial year 2025-26. 
Source : All India Radio
Health

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

INDIVIDUAL PORTAL FOR MINES MINISTRY
Ministry of Mines has said that an individual portal of the ministry will be started soon in the country. The Ministry said that the portal is being created by the Indian Bureau of Mines under the Prime Minister Gati Shakti National Master Plan.

About:

  • The Ministry highlighted that two data layers of the portal have been created so far.
  • The first layer covers the spatial data of Mineral concessions and the second layer includes mineral auction blocks.
  • It said that spatial data of around over three thousand mining leases covering over two lakh ninety-seven thousand Hectare area all over the country have been uploaded on the portal. 
Source : All India Radio
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

INDIGENOUSLY-DEVELOPED EQUIPMENT FOR INDIAN ARMY
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh handed over indigenously-developed equipment and systems to the Indian Army in New Delhi.

About:

  • Future Infantry Soldier, new generation anti-personnel mine, upgraded sights system for tanks, high mobility Infantry Protected Vehicles and Assault Boats are among the state-of-the-art equipment’s.
  • The equipment/systems have been jointly developed by Indian Army in collaboration with Defence Research and Development Organisation and the Industry, in line with the Prime Minister's vision to modernise the Armed Forces, under the ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’.
Source : All India Radio
Defence & Security

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

MOSCOW CONFERENCE ON INTERNATIONAL SECURITY-2022
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has stressed on the comprehensive reform of United Nations' structure saying that this worrying shortcoming of United Nations' system is manifestation of its structural inadequacy.

About:

  • Addressing the plenary session of Moscow Conference on International Security-2022 virtually today, Mr. Singh said, at the core of India’s call for reformed multilateralism, lies the reform of the United Nations Security Council which is reflective of the contemporary realities.
  • He said, major powers' refusal to change United Nations institutions in tune with time, ignores the emerging geo-political realities, economic and technological progress happened since 1945.
  • Singh stressed that the Council must be made more representative of developing countries to provide leadership to the entire world.
  • On the Indo-Pacific region, the Defence Minister said, as a nation central to the Indian Ocean, India is committed to a free, open, secure and inclusive Indo-Pacific region.
Source : All India Radio
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 17, 2022

CITIZEN SURVEY FOR NATIONAL CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK
Union Minister for Education Dharmendra Pradhan has urged the citizens to participate in the Citizen Survey for National Curriculum Framework for developing a new curriculum.

About:

  • He said, a dynamic National Curriculum Framework in line with the National Education Policy- 2020 will play a major role in achieving the goal of Viksit Bharat.
  • Ministry of Education has invited suggestions of the public through an online public consultation survey for the formulation of National Curriculum Framework and subsequently design of syllabus, textbooks and other instructional materials.
  • The Government has announced the National Education Policy in July 2020, which recommends quality improvement of the system of education through the development of a National Curriculum Framework.
  • The process of the Framework has been started through the constitution of the District Consultation Committees, State Focus Groups, and State Steering Committee, National Focus Groups and National Steering Committee. 
Source : All India Radio
Education

Aug. 16, 2022

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

PANCH PRAN
On the country's 76th Independence Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said corruption and nepotism are two main challenges that are not confined to politics alone and asked people to have 'nafrat' (hatred) for these evils and focus on 'Panch Pran' (five resolves) to ensure a developed India in the next 25 years.

About:

  • He spelled out "Panch Pran" (five resolves) to fulfil freedom fighters' dreams for the country at India's independence centenary by 2047.
  • He said we should focus on the five pledges -- a resolve of developed India; removing any trace of the colonial mindset; taking pride in our legacy; our strength of unity; and fulfilling the duties of citizens with honesty, which should be done by the Prime Minister and Chief Ministers as well. 
Source : FirstPost
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

ZAPORIZHZHIA NUCLEAR PLANT
Howitzers started shelling on the Ukrainian town of Nikopol from the side of Russia-occupied Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant.

About:

  • Experts have repeatedly raised an alarm over the plant being in an active combat zone. The International Atomic Energy Agency has underlined that the current situation poses a grave risk of a nuclear catastrophe.
  • Located in southern Ukraine on the banks of Kakhovka reservoir on the Dnipro river, Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Plant is Europe’s largest, and 10th biggest in the world. Before the war started, it produced half of Ukraine’s power with a total capacity of 5,700 MW. The plant has six reactors with a capacity of 950 MW each.
  • Geographically, the plant is located 200-km from Russia-annexed Crimea, and 500-odd km from Ukraine’s capital Kyiv.
Source : Indian Express
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

NICARAGUA
Earlier this month Nicaragua shuttered seven radio stations belonging to the Catholic Church and launched an investigation into the bishop of Matagalpa, Monsignor Rolando Álvarez, accusing him of inciting violent actors “to carry out acts of hate against the population.”

About:

  • Nicaragua is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest.
  • Managua is the country's capital and largest city.
  • As of 2015, it was estimated to be the second largest city in Central America. 
Source : Indian Express
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

NATIONAL FLAG
The National Flag, which is flying high across India as the nation celebrates 75 years of freedom, was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on July 22, 1947.

About:

  • According to the official record of the proceedings of the Constituent Assembly, Dr Rajendra Prasad, who was in the Chair, announced that the first item on the agenda was “a Motion by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru about the Flag”.
  • Thereafter, Nehru rose to move the following Resolution: Resolved that the National Flag of India shall be horizontal tricolour of deep Saffron (Kesari), white and dark green in equal proportion.
  • In the centre of the white band, there shall be a Wheel in navy blue to represent the Charkha. The design of the Wheel shall be that of the Wheel (Chakra) which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Asoka.
  • The ratio of the width to the length of the Flag shall ordinarily be 2:3. 
Source : Indian Express
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

WOMEN FREEDOM FIGHTERS
In his ninth Independence Day address to the nation from the ramparts of the Red Fort, Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tribute to women freedom fighters for showing the world the true meaning of India’s “nari shakti”.

About:

  • Rani Laxmibai: The queen of the princely state of Jhansi, Rani Laxmibai is known for her role in the First War of India’s Independence in 1857.
  • Jhalkari Bai: A soldier in Rani Laxmibai’s women’s army, Durga Dal, she rose to become one of the queen’s most trusted advisers.
  • Durga Bhabhi: A member of the Naujawan Bharat Sabha, she helped Bhagat Singh escape in disguise from Lahore after the 1928 killing of British police officer John P Saunders.
  • Rani Gaidinliu: Born in 1915 in present-day Manipur, Rani Gaidinliu was a Naga spiritual and political leader who fought the British. She joined the Heraka religious movement which later became a movement to drive out the British.
Source : Indian Express
History & Culture

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

DigiYatra
The Delhi International Airport Ltd (DIAL), run by GMR, announced the soft launch of the Centre’s DigiYatra initiative, rolling out the beta version of its app for Android platforms.

About:

  • DigiYatra , the passenger processing system based on facial recognition technology, has been piloted at the Delhi airport and has had the required infrastructure set up at the airport’s Terminal 3.
  • DigiYatra envisages that travellers pass through various checkpoints at the airport through paperless and contactless processing, using facial features to establish their identity, which would be linked to the boarding pass.
Source : Indian Express
Science & Tech

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

ADVANCED TOWED ARTILLERY GUN SYSTEM (ATAGS)
In a first, an indigenously developed howitzer gun, ATAG, became part of the 21-gun salute during the Independence Day ceremony at the Red Fort.

About:

  • Developed by the DRDO, the Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS) was used alongside the traditional British-origin ’25 Pounders’ artillery guns.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi also referred to the gun while speaking about the Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative of the Centre during his Independence Day speech.
  • The ATAGS is an indigenous 155 mm x 52 calibre howitzer gun developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) with its Pune-based facility Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE) being the nodal agency.
  • The ATAGS project was started in 2013 by DRDO to replace older guns in service in the Indian Army with a modern 155 mm artillery gun.
  • Howitzers is an umbrella term for a category of long-range artillery guns. 
Source : Indian Express
Defence & Security

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

PIN CODE
The 75th Independence Day coincides with another milestone in the country’s history — it was on August 15, 1972, that the Postal Identification Number (PIN) was introduced in India. As the PIN code turns, we look at its history and evolution.

About:

  • According to the Department of Posts, there were 23,344 post offices, primarily in urban areas, in India at the time of Independence. But, the country was growing rapidly and the postal network had to keep pace.
  • The PIN code was meant to ease the process of mail sorting and delivery in a country where different places, often, have the same or similar names, and letters are written in a wide variety of languages.
  • The PIN is made up of six digits. The first number indicates the postal region — Northern, Eastern, Western, Southern; and number 9, which signifies the Army Postal Service.
  • The second number denotes a sub-region, and the third represents the sorting district. The remaining numbers narrow the geography further to the specific post office making the delivery.
Source : Indian Express
Geography

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

PARTITION HORRORS REMEMBRANCE DAY
India commemorated August 14, as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day.

About:

  • The commemoration was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on this date last year. This date also marks Pakistan’s independence day.
  • The Partition is acknowledged as one of the most violent and abrupt displacements in the recent history of the world.
  • Estimates of the numbers of those killed vary; according to the official document, it could be between 500,000 to over a million, but “the generally accepted figure stands at around 500,000”.
Source : Indian Express
History

Current Affairs
Aug. 16, 2022

TALC
Pharmaceutical giant Johnson and Johnson (J&J) announced that it would discontinue the sale of its talc-based baby powder globally in 2023.

About:

  • The announcement came amidst the tens of thousands of lawsuits from women who claim that the product caused them to have ovarian cancer, due to the alleged contamination of asbestos, a known carcinogen.
  • Talc is the softest known mineral and is mined from underground deposits. Chemically, it is hydrous magnesium silicate, according to the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA), and is used in a variety of cosmetic and personal care products, like baby powder, lipstick, eyeshadow and foundation.
  • When reduced to a fine powder, it is able to absorb moisture and reduce friction which keeps the skin dry, helps prevent rashes, stops makeup from caking and generally helps improve the feel and texture of a product.

Does it cause cancer?

  • Asbestos, the name for another group of naturally occurring silicate minerals, can also be found near talc deposits.
  • There is the potential for contamination of talc with asbestos. Asbestos has been used in construction and manufacturing, and is known to cause lung cancer, ovarian cancer, mesothelioma and other health conditions.
Source : Indian Express
Science & Tech

Aug. 14, 2022

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

DROUGHT IN ENGLAND
The government formally declared parts of England to be in drought as the country faces a period of prolonged hot and dry weather.

About:

  • Where has a drought been declared? Devon and Cornwall; Solent and South Downs; Kent and South London; Herts and North London; East Anglia; Thames; Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire; and East Midlands.
  • What happens when a drought is declared?
    • All water companies are required to have a drought plan in place setting out what restrictions they may put in place on their customers in the event of a drought.
    • Water companies will implement these plans, which will include temporary water use restrictions such as hosepipe bans to reduce the demand for water.
    • They can also apply for drought orders and permits which legally allow more flexibility in managing water resources including abstracting more water from rivers, reservoirs or aquifers. 
Source : Indian Express
Environment

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

TRIPLE TALAQ
Five years after the Supreme Court’s five-judge Bench under Chief Justice J.S. Khehar invalidated instant triple talaq in August 2017, the women petitioners continue to live a life of half-divorcees.

About:

  • Technically still married, practically divorced, they enjoy no conjugal rights nor receive any regular maintenance from the estranged husbands. Practically abandoned, the women cannot remarry in the absence of a legally valid divorce. After the verdict, none of the men were visited by law enforcement bodies and told to take back their wives.
  • Further, no arrests could be made for giving instant triple talaq as the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019 came into force long after pronouncement of instant talaq.
  • A cloud of confusion hangs in the air as the women are uncertain of their eligibility for a fresh marriage. The top court invalidated instant triple talaq in the Shayara Bano versus the Union of India case while refraining from commenting on the state of their marriages directly. 
Source : The Hindu
Social Issues

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

DROUGHT IN UTTAR PRADESH AND JHARKHAND
Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh are experiencing the worst monsoon season of the century.

About:

  • Between June 1 and August 12, the rainfall recorded over Jharkhand was 371.9mm against a normal of 627.6mm, a 41 per cent seasonal deficit.
  • This is the lowest ever rainfall recorded over Jharkhand (June to August) since 1901, the IMD’s rainfall data stated.
  • For Uttar Pradesh, too, the picture is grim, as the state has recorded only 251.7mm of the seasonal average of 449.1mm till August 12.
  • UP is the most rain deficient Indian state this year and has remained so since the start of the monsoon season, like Jharkhand.
  • Between 1901 and 2021 , UP’s driest monsoon months (June to August) were during 1987 (349.3mm), 2009 (365mm), 1996 (392mm), 2014 (394.3mm), and 1972 (424.3mm). 
Source : Indian Express
Environment

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

SOCIAL MEDIA
There is a widening divide among internet companies on setting up a self-regulatory body – to address complaints by social media users – as an alternative to the Centre’s Grievance Appellate Committee (GAC).

About:

  • Social Media Companies have opposed an industry proposal to create such a body.
  • They have flagged concerns over the potential inability to legally challenge any final content moderation decisions of a self-governing body, in addition to the difference in the moderation policies of different platforms.

What is the proposal by the tech firms?

  • Social media companies, along with industry body Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), are currently chalking up the contours of a self-regulatory mechanism.
  • This is in response to the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY)’s proposal to set up “government-appointed committees” to address complaints raised by users about social media companies’ content-moderation decisions. 
Source : Indian Express
Polity & Governance

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

‘CHINESE’ MANJHA
Every year, as Independence Day inches closer, Delhi’s streets become witness to deaths and injuries because of the ‘Chinese’ manjha.

About:

  • The Chinese manjha is a glass-coated synthetic string used to fly kites. It is made of monofilament fishing lines.
  • monofilament strings are deadly because they are very hard to break. They are made by melting and mixing polymers, and after the strings are formed, they are then coated with glass. Stretched tight, monofilament strings have the ability to injure humans and animals alike. 
Source : Indian Express
Culture

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

SWASTIKA
Over the past week, there has been renewed discussion in media reports on the swastika, the ancient symbol that was once used across the world, but which came to be associated in the 20th century with the murderous Nazi ideology of hate and antisemitism, particularly in the Western imagination.

About:

  • On August 11, New South Wales became the second state in Australia (after Victoria in June), to criminalise the display of the swastika, while allowing its use for educational and religious purposes for Hindus, Jains, and Buddhists.
  • The swastika has a civilisational presence in India. The word swastika has a Sanskrit root, which means good fortune or well-being, and it has been an auspicious symbol for Hindus over many millennia.
  • Unlike the black hakenkreuz of the Nazis, the swastika used by Indians is usually red or yellow in colour, is not tilted to the right, and has dots at each corner, which are believed to represent the four Vedas. 
Source : Indian Express
Culture

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

SMILE
Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Dr. Virendra Kumar today launched the 'SMILE: Support for Marginalised Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise' initiative in New Delhi.

About:

  • The Initiative aims to make cities, towns and municipal areas begging-free and make a strategy for comprehensive rehabilitation of the persons engaged in the act of begging through the coordinated action of various stakeholders.
  • The Ministry has allocated a total budget of a hundred crore rupees for the project till 2025-26.
  • Through the project, the Ministry envisions developing a support mechanism for holistic rehabilitation of those engaged in the act of begging and building an India where no person is forced to beg in order to survive and fulfill their basic needs.
  • The Ministry highlighted that under the initiative seventy-five Municipal Corporations in collaboration with Non-Government Organisations and other stakeholders will cover several comprehensive welfare measures for persons who are engaged in the act of begging. 
Source : All India Radio
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

PRIMARY AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES (PACS)
Union Home and Cooperation Minister Amit Shah has said that the government will bring model by-laws to govern all Primary Agricultural Cooperative Societies (PACS) in the country.

About:

  • He said, the sick and defunct PACS should be revived or taken for liquidation.
  • Mr Shah was addressing a national conference on rural cooperative banks organised by the Ministry of Cooperation and the National Federation of State Cooperative Banks (NAFSCOB) at Vignan Bhavan in New Delhi.
  • Describing the PACS as pillars of the cooperative movement, Mr Shah called for strengthening of the PACS by diversifying them into various other activities.
  • Mr Shah stressed the need to establish more than 2 lakh new PACS across the country to achieve the target of providing agri-finance worth 10 lakh crore rupees through cooperatives. 
Source : All India Radio
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

RAMSAR SITES
India has added 11 more wetlands to the list of Ramsar sites to make total 75 Ramsar sites covering an area of 13 lakh 26 thousand 677 Hectare in the country in the 75th year of Independence.

About:

  • Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change said, the 11 new sites include, four in Tamil Nadu, three in Odisha, two in Jammu and Kashmir and one each in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
  • India is one of the Contracting Parties to Ramsar Convention, signed in Ramsar, Iran in 1971.
  • India signed it on 1st February 1982. During 1982 to 2013, a total of 26 sites were added to the list of Ramsar sites, however, during 2014 to 2022, the country has added 49 new wetlands to the list of Ramsar sites.
  • Tamil Nadu has maximum number of Ramsar sites which is 14, followed by Uttar Pradesh which has 10 numbers of Ramsar sites. 
Source : All India Radio
Environment

Current Affairs
Aug. 14, 2022

SALINE WATER LANTERN
Union Minister of State for Science and Technology Dr. Jitendra Singh unveiled India’s first Saline Water Lantern which uses the sea water to power the specially designed LED lamps.

About:

  • The Minister visited the SAGAR ANVESHIKA, a Coastal Research Vessel, operated and used by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), Chennai to review the progress of the implementation of the Deep Ocean Mission of India.
  • The saline Water Lantern will bring “Ease of Living” to the fishing community living along the 7500 Kilometres long coastal line of India. Saline water-powered Roshini LED lamps will also boost and supplement Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s UJALA scheme.
  • Jitendra Singh hoisted tricolour on board the ship and extended the campaign of ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’, to ‘Har Jahaj Tiranga’.
Source : All India Radio
Science & Tech

Aug. 13, 2022

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

ORIGIN OF CONTINENTS
A new Curtin University study has found the most robust evidence yet showing that Earth’s continents were formed by giant meteorite impacts.

About:

  • The paper, ‘Giant impacts and the origin and evolution of continents’, was published in Nature on August 10.
  • By examining tiny crystals of the mineral zircon in rocks from the Pilbara Craton in Western Australia, which represents Earth’s best-preserved remnant of ancient crust, experts found evidence of these giant meteorite impacts.
  • These impacts were prevalent during the first billion years or so of the planet’s history. 
Source : Indian Express
Geography

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

WORLD ELEPHANT DAY
World Elephant Day is an international annual event on August 12, dedicated to the preservation and protection of the world's elephants.

About:

  • It was conceived in 2011 by Canadian filmmakers Patricia Sims and Michael Clark of Canazwest Pictures, and Sivaporn Dardarananda, Secretary-General of the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation in Thailand.
  • It was officially founded, supported and launched by Patricia Sims and the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation on August 12, 2012.
  • There are three species of elephants — African Forest, African Savanna (bush), and Asian. The animals can be differentiated by their ears and trunks. African elephants are larger. Their ears are also larger and shaped like Africa. 
Source : PIB
Environment & Ecology

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

WORLD SANSKRIT DIWAS
On the auspicious occasion of Shraavana Poornima occurs the World Sanskrit Diwas.

About:

  • This year it falls on August 12, 2022.
  • The mother of all languages, Sanskrit, is one of the oldest languages in the world.
  • It seems to be the first spoken language in ancient India.
Source : Indian Today
Culture

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

AYUSH GRID PROJECT
An MoU was signed between Ministry of Ayush and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) for providing technical support to Ministry of Ayush for digitalisation of Ayush Sector under the Ayush Grid project for a period of 3 years.

About:

  • The Ayush Grid project was initiated by the Ministry in 2018 for creating a comprehensive IT backbone for the entire sector.
  • Digitalization of the entire Ayush Sector will lead to its transformation in fields of health care delivery at all levels, including research, education, various health programmes and drug regulations. 
Source : PIB
Health

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

SHIVAMOGGA SUBBANNA
National award-winning singer Shivamogga Subbanna passed away in Bengaluru. He was 83. Prime Minister Narendra Modi shared a condolence message.

About:

  • He was an Indian Sugama Sangeetha(Light Music) playback singer in the Kannada language.
  • He was the first Kannadiga to win National Award for playback singing. 
Source : Indian Express
Culture

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

BASMATI CROP SURVEY
The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), Ministry of Commerce and Industry has commenced Basmati crop survey to estimate acreage, assess crop health and expected yield of aromatic and long grain rice during 2022-2023 kharif crop season using climate-based yield modelling.

About:

  • The survey is being executed under the Basmati Export Development Foundation (BEDF), which is an arm of APEDA. The final survey report is to be finalized by December this year.
  • India has exported Basmati to the tune of close to USD 12 billion in the last three years.
  • Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, United States of America, Kuwait, United Kingdom, Qatar and Oman have a share of close to 80 per cent in total shipments of aromatic long grained rice from India in 2021-22.
Source : PIB
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

RETAIL INFLATION IN INDIA
India’s retail inflation slipped below the 7% mark for the first time since April, easing to 6.71% in July, aided by a moderation in food prices inflation to 6.75%, the lowest in five months.

About:

  • This is the seventh month in a row that the pace of price rise has been over the upper tolerance limit of 6% pursued by the central bank’s monetary policy committee.
  • While inflation in edible oils, meat and fish, and vegetables relented in July, price rise in fruits and eggs accelerated, and cereals inflation hit a multi-year high of 6.9%. Rural inflation eased from 7.09% in June to 6.8% in July, while urban consumers faced 6.49% inflation, from 6.86% in June. 
Source : The Hindu
Economy

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME
A woman from Bengaluru has filed a petition in the Delhi High Court to stop her Noida-based friend, who has been suffering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome since 2014, from travelling to Europe to undergo a physician-assisted euthanasia.

About:

  • Also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME/CFS), Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, is a serious and debilitating disease that affects the nervous system, the immune system and the body’s production of energy.
  • Experts have suggested that the term can trivialize the severity of the illness. In a 2015 report, the US Institute of Medicine proposed the term systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID).
  • Its causes are still unknown. However, the potential triggers would include viral or bacterial infection, hormonal imbalances and genetic predispositions. There is no specific test for the disease, and doctors have to rely on medical examinations, blood and urine tests.
  • ME/CFS can affect anyone, from children to adults of all ages. According to the CDC, it’s more common in women and people between 40 and 60 years old.
  • As of yet, there is no specific cure or approved treatment. 
Source : Indian Express
Health

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANISATION (NATO)
It was recently reported that India held its first political dialogue with the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) in Brussels on December 12, 2019.

About:

  • Attended by senior officials, including from the Ministry of External Affairs and the Ministry of Defence, the idea was to ensure the dialogue was primarily political in character, and to avoid making any commitment on military or other bilateral cooperation.
  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, or NATO, is a political and military alliance of 28 European countries and two countries in North America (United States and Canada).
  • It was set up in 1949 by the US, Canada, and several western European nations to ensure their collective security against the Soviet Union. It was the US’s first peacetime military alliance outside the western hemisphere.
  • Thirty countries are currently members of NATO, which is headquartered in Brussels, Belgium. The headquarters of the Allied Command Operations is near Mons, also in Belgium. 
Source : Indian Express
International

Current Affairs
Aug. 13, 2022

NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF RURAL CO-OPERATIVE BANKS
Union Home and Cooperation Minister Amit Shah addressed the National Conference of Rural Co-operative Banks in New Delhi.

About:

  • Shri Amit Shah also presented awards to outstanding State Co-operative Banks, District Central Co-operative Banks and Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS).
  • The Union Home and Cooperation Minister said there are about 8.5 lakh cooperative societies in the country, out of which there are 1.78 lakh different types of credit societies.
  • In the field of agricultural credit, there are 34 state cooperative banks with more than 2,000 branches, 351 district cooperative banks with 14,000 branches and about 95,000 PACS. 
Source : PIB
Economy
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