Union Home Ministry extends Z+ security to Kerala Governor
Jan. 28, 2024

Why in news?

  • Union Home Ministry has extended Z+ Security cover of CRPF to Governor of Kerala.
  • MHA took a decision on this after the Kerala Governor held a sit-in in front of a roadside shop in Kollam district after Students’ Federation of India (SFI) activists allegedly tried to hit his vehicle.

What’s in today’s article?

  • Central Reserve Police Force (about, duties performed by CRPF)
  • Security Category in India (about, forces responsible, types)
  • News Summary

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

  • About
    • CRPF is one of the oldest Central para military forces (now termed as Central Armed Police Force) and it comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
    • CRPF came into existence as Crown Representative’s Police IN July 1939.
      • It became the Central Reserve Police Force on enactment of the CRPF Act in December 1949.
    • It is All India in character, both in deployment and in its composition.
    • CRPF has, over the years, acquired the distinction of being perhaps the most acceptable Force, by the people and the State administrations.
      • This is due to its unique capability to quickly adapt to various situations and also, to work in perfect harmony with the State Police.
  • Duties performed by the CRPF
    • Crowd &Riot control
    • Counter Militancy / Insurgency operations/Dealing with Left Wing Extremism
    • Overall co-ordination of large-scale security arrangement especially with regard to elections in disturbed areas.
    • Protection of VIPs and vital installations.
    • Checking environmental de-gradation and protection of local Flora and Fauna
    • Fighting aggression during War time
    • Participating in UN Peace Keeping Mission
    • Rescue and Relief operations at the time of Natural Calamities.

Security Category in India

  • In India, security is provided to high-risk individuals by the police and local government.
  • Ministers get Central Security cover due to their position in the government.
    • On the other hand, a call on such security to private individuals is taken by the Home Ministry based on inputs from intelligence agencies.
  • However, since these agencies do not report to any statutory body, VIP security has sometimes been alleged to be a political decision.

Security forces responsible for VIP protection

  • Typically, the agencies responsible for providing securities to VVIPs/VIPs /high-profile celebrities include:
    • Special Protection Group (SPG), National Security Guards (NSG), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Central Industrial Security Force (CISF).

Different types of security cover

News Summary: Union Home Ministry extends Z+ security to Kerala Governor

  • Kerala Governor Arif Mohammed Khan has been given Z+ security by Centre after a faceoff with student activists.
  • Earlier, Governor Khan confronted members of the CPI(M)-linked SFI in Kollam district as they staged a black flag protest against him.
  • The Governor's actions led to a two-hour standoff, during which he sat on the roadside, expressing his dissatisfaction with the response of the authorities.
  • The Governor has accused Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan of "promoting lawlessness in the state" and demanded action against the protestors.