March 29, 2020

A tribal lockdown ritual has staged a comeback in Arunachal Pradesh, the State geographically closest to China’s Hubei province where the COVID-19 outbreak began.


  • Arunachal Pradesh’s West Siang district ceremonially entered the Arr-Rinam phase on March 26, 2020. Arr-Rinam is the Galo equivalent of lockdown imposed by consensus for 48 hours whenever an epidemic strikes.

  • The Galos, one of the 26 major tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, dominate West Siang district.

  • Arr-Rinam, which follows the Ali-Ternam ritual to ward off an epidemic, has been a part of their culture.

  • Ali-Ternam — Ali means epidemic and Ternam forestall — and Arr-Rinam were last performed almost four decades ago when a water-borne disease had affected many members of the community. 

Source : The Hindu