Aug. 25, 2019

A recent research paper published on clouded leopards by over 20 researchers from across the globe has helped understanding the habitats, migration corridors and laid out the conservation strategies.


  • Sub Species: Classically considered a single species, the Clouded Leopard has recently been split into two species.
    • Neofelis Nebulosi: It is restricted to mainland Southeast Asia.

    • Neofelis Diardi: It is found on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

  • Physical description:
    • Clouds: It is named after the distinctive 'clouds' on its coat - ellipses partially edged in black, with the insides a darker colour than the background colour of the pelt.

    • Legs: It has relatively short legs and broad paws which make it excellent at climbing trees.

  • Range:
    • Historically, their range covered most of Southeast Asia from Nepal and southern China through Thailand, Indonesia, and Borneo. It is regionally extinct in Singapore and Taiwan.’

    • In India, it occurs in north-east and West Bengal. It is the state animal of Meghalaya. 
      • Dampa tiger reserve in Mizoram has one of the highest population densities.

  • Habitat: Subtropical/Tropical Moist Forests.

  • Conservation status: Both the species are listed as Vulnerable in IUCN red list.

  • In 2018, India added clouded leopards to its Recovery Programme for Critically Endangered Species to aid more research and strengthen conservation efforts.

Source : The Hindu