Nov. 28, 2019

UN Environment Programme (UNEP) released its annual Emissions Gap Report for the year 2019.

Key Highlights of the report:

  • Anticipated emissions:
    • Greenhouse gas emissions have risen 1.5 per cent per year over the last decade. Emissions in 2018, including from land-use changes such as deforestation, hit a new high of 55.3 gigatonnes of CO2 equivalent.

    • Even if all current unconditional commitments under the Paris Agreement are implemented, temperatures are expected to rise by 3.2°C over pre-industrial levels.

  • Culprit countries:
    • The United States is the highest producer of greenhouse gases when measured on a per capita basis. Overall, China is the world’s largest producer.

    • India is the third-largest emitter behind the United States and China respectively. India’s per capita emissions, however, are significantly below the United States, China and many others.

    • G20 nations collectively account for 78 per cent of all emissions, but only five G20 members have committed to a long-term zero emissions target.

  • Way ahead:
    • To meet the 1.5°C temperature goal of the Paris Agreement, global greenhouse gas emissions must fall by 7.6 per cent each year between 2020 and 2030.

    • To deliver on these cuts, the levels of ambition in the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) must increase at least fivefold for the 1.5°C goal and threefold for the 2°C.

Source : The Hindu