Aug. 29, 2018

ISRO unveiled details of India’s Gagan-Yaan programme for manned space flight before 2022 as announced by the Prime Minister on Independence Day.


  • Objective: Under the mission, three astronauts will be sent to space for 5-7 days. The spacecraft will be placed in a low earth orbit of 300-400km. The crew will do microgravity experiment during the mission.

  • Mission objectives:
    • Enhancement of science and technology levels in the country

    • A national project involving several institutes, academia and industry

    • Improvement of industrial growth

    • Development of technology for social benefits

    • Improving international collaboration

    • Enhance the prestige of the country (India will be the fourth country after the USA, Russia and China to send humans to space)

  • Timeline: The mission will be executed six months before India’s 75th Independence Day. Two unmanned Gagan-Yaan missions will be undertaken prior to sending humans.

  • Members: The crew will be selected by the Indian Air Force and ISRO jointly after which they will undergo training for two to three years.

  • Technologies:
    • GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle will be used to launch Gagan-yaan.

    • ISRO has already developed some critical technologies like re-entry mission capability, crew escape system, thermal protection system, floatation system, sub-systems of life support system etc. required for this programme.

  • Cost: The total programme cost is expected to be less than Rs. 10,000 crores.

Source : The Hindu