Green Turtle

Dec. 10, 2023

As per a study, rising global temperatures could lead to an increase in the nesting range of green turtles in the Mediterranean Sea.

About Green Turtle:

  • The Green turtle (Chelonia mydas)is one of the largest sea turtles and the only herbivore among the different species.
  • They are in fact named for the greenish color of their cartilage and fat, not their shells.
  • In the Eastern Pacific, a group of green turtles that have darker shells are called black turtles by the local community.
  • They graze on seagrasses and algae, which maintains the seagrass beds and makes them more productive.
  • These species migrate long distances between feeding grounds and the beaches from where they hatched.
  • They are potentially particularly susceptible, as the sex of their offspring is dependent on incubation temperature.
  • Distribution: Green turtles are found mainly in tropical and subtropical waters.
  • Conservation status
  • IUCN: Endangered
  • CITES: Appendix 1
  • Threats: Habitat loss, fisheries by catch and illegal trade etc.

Key facts about the Mediterranean Sea

  • It is an intercontinental seathat is bordered by the continent of Europe in the north, by Asia in the east, and by Africa in the south.
  • In the west, the Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the narrow Strait of Gibraltar.
  • In the extreme northeast, it is connected to the Black Seavia the Dardanelles Strait, the Sea of Marmara, and the Bosporus Strait. 
  • The Mediterranean Sea is also connected to the Red Sea via the Suez Canal in the southeast.
  • Climate: The region is characterized by the prevailing subtropical climate known as the Mediterranean climate, with usually mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers.
  • Mediterranean Sea waters are more saline compared to the waters of the Atlantic. There is a continuous movement of water from the Atlantic into the Mediterranean and vice versa through the Strait of Gibraltar.