Aug. 22, 2019

A new report by Traffic, an environmental NGO has quantified the illegal global trade in tigers and tiger parts over a 19-year period between 2000 and 2018.

Key findings: 

  • Although Tigers are listed in Appendix I of CITES, which bans all commercial international trade for member countries, recent years have revealed an increase in tiger captive breeding to fuel demand for various tiger products.

  • Overall, 2,359 tigers were seized from 2000 to 2018 across 32 countries and territories globally. These occurred from a total of 1,142 seizure incidents.

  • Apart from live tigers and whole carcasses, tiger parts were seized in various forms such as skin, bones or claws.

  • On average, 60 seizures were recorded annually, accounting for almost 124 tigers seized each year.

  • The top three countries with the highest number of seizure incidents were India, followed by China and Indonesia.

  • India is the country with the highest number of seizure incidents (463, or 40% of all seizures) as well as tigers seized (625).

  • In terms of various body parts seized, India had the highest share among countries for tiger skins (38%), bones (28%) and claws and teeth (42%).