International Organization of Migration (IOM)

June 12, 2024

At least 49 migrants died and 140 others were missing after their boat capsized off the coast of Yemen, the U.N. migration agency said on June 11.

About International Organization of Migration (IOM)

  • The IOM is an intergovernmental organization that provides services and advice concerning migration to governments and migrants, including internally displaced persons, refugees and migrant workers.
  • Establishment: IOM was established in 1951.
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Member States: IOM has 175 member states and 8 observer states.
  • Mandate: To promote humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all, through providing services and advice to governments and migrants.
  • Publications: World Migration Report, Migration Health Annual Report.

Key Areas of Work

  • Migration and development: IOM works to maximize the benefits of migration for both the home and host countries, as well as for migrants themselves.
  • Migration health: The organization provides health services and support to migrants and displaced populations.
  • Emergency operations: IOM responds to humanitarian crises by providing emergency relief and post-crisis recovery programs, such as transportation assistance, temporary shelter, and rebuilding infrastructure.
  • Counter-Trafficking: The organization actively combats human trafficking through prevention, protection, and prosecution initiatives, providing support to victims of trafficking.