Kawal Tiger Reserve

Feb. 12, 2024

Forest authorities have recently suspended six of their staff for being negligent in controlling teak smuggling in Kawal Tiger Reserve.

About Kawal Tiger Reserve:

  • Location:
    • It is located in the northeastern part of Telangana(Old Adilabad district), with the Godavari River on one side and the Maharashtra border on the other.
    • It forms part of the Deccan peninsula-central highlands.
  • The government of India declared Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary a Tiger Reserve in 2012.
  • Rivers: The reserve is the catchment for the rivers Godavari and Kadam, which flow towards the south of the sanctuary.
  • Geographically, the reserve is situated at the southernmost tip of the Central Indian Tiger Landscape, having linkages with the Tadoba-Andhari (Maharashtra) and Indravati (Chhattisgarh) tiger reserves.
  • Habitat: It has diverse habitats comprising dense forests, grasslands, open areas, rivers, streams and water bodies.
  • Vegetation: Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest.
  • Flora:
    • Teak is found extensively, along with Bamboo.
    • As many as 673 plant species have been recorded, and the important ones are Anogeissus latifolia, Mitragyna parviflora, Terminalia crenulata, Terminalia arjuna, Boswellia serrata, etc.
  • Fauna:
    • It has a faunal diversity which is typical of the Deccan Plateau.
    • The major wild animals include nilgai, chousingha, chinkara, black buck, sambar, spotted deer, wild dog, wolf, jackal, fox, tiger, leopard, and jungle cat.