Key Facts about the Tungabhadra River

Nov. 29, 2023

A 17-year-old was recently swept away in the Tungabhadra River in Huligi village.

About the Tungabhadra River:

  • It is a major river in the south Indian peninsula.
  • It is a major tributary of the Krishna River.
  • Origin:
    • It is formed by the union of two rivers, Tunga and Bhadra, hence the name. 
    • Both the Tunga and Bhadra Rivers originate on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.
    • The two rivers merge at Koodli in the Shimoga district of Karnataka, giving birth to the Tungabhadra River. 
  • Course:
    • It flows in a more or less northwest direction before joining the Krishna River at Sangamaleshwaram in Andhra Pradesh.
    • The Krishna River finally ends in the Bay of Bengal.
  • The river has a total length of 531 km and a catchment area of 28,000 sq. km.
  • It flows through the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is influenced chiefly by the South-West monsoon.
  • Major Tributaries: Varada River and Hagari (Vedathy) River.
  • The river has several dams and reservoirs built on it, including the Tunga Anicut Dam, the Bhadra Dam, the Hemavathy Dam, and the Tungabhadra Dam.
  • History:
    • The Hindus consider this river sacred, and there is a mention of the river in Ramayana, where it is referred to as Pampa
    • In historical times, the Tungabhadra River was known as the Varada River.
    • The river was an important source of water for the Vijayanagar Empire.
    • The city of Hampi, which was the capital of the Vijayanagar Empire, was located on the banks of the river.