May 12, 2021

Veteran Communist leader and the leader of Janadipathya Samrakshana Samiti (JSS), K.R. Gouri Amma passed away in Thiruvananthapuram due to age-related ailments. She was 102 years old.


  • R. Gouri Amma was an Indian politician and the first revenue minister of Kerala state.

  • She was a Marxist revolutionary, advocate, author and diplomat.

  • She was also one of the founding leaders of the Communist movement in Kerala.

  • She headed the Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy (JSS), a political party based in Kerala, a rebel outfit she had formed in 1994 after her ouster from CPI (M).

  • She was the first female law student coming from the Ezhava community. She was a minister in the communist-led ministries in Kerala in 1957, 1967, 1980 and 1987. She also became a minister in the Congress-led cabinet from 2001 to 2006.

  • She had been a minister in the first democratically elected Communist Government of 1957 in Kerala led by E M S Namboodiripad. As the revenue minister in the EMS cabinet, Gouri had drafted and piloted the historic Kerala Agrarian Relations Bill, which paved the way for land reforms.

  • She has been the longest serving woman legislator in the Kerala Assembly, the oldest woman member in the Assembly, the oldest woman Minister etc.

  • She published an autobiography titled Atmakatha, which won the 2011 Kerala Sahitya Academy Award.

Source : The Hindu