March 30, 2019

According to Oxfam India’s latest report, ‘Mind The Gap – State of Employment in India’, Lack of quality jobs and increasing wage disparity are key markers of inequality in the Indian labour market.

Key findings of the report: 

  • Regressive social norms alongwith lack of investment in social security and infrastructure continue to hamper women’s participation in the workforce. 

  • On an average, women are paid 34% less than similarly qualified male workers for performing the same tasks. 

  • The largest number of jobs were generated in the unorganised sector. 

  • Job generation was adversely impacted after demonetisation, and hit the women workforce most. Post-demonetisation also saw a drop-in household with two or more persons employed. 

  • Even within the public education system, there are inequalities in educational investment. Government sponsored Kendriya Vidyalayas (KV) spend Rs 27,000 per student whereas non KV government schools spend a mere Rs 3000 per student. 

  • In rural India, traditional occupations continue to be determined by castes. Women belonging to the Mahadalit community, for example, assist with child-birth, while richer Baniyas own shops. 


  • Focus towards labour intensive sectors to create more jobs. 

  • Create better work conditions to make jobs more inclusive. 

  • Increase investments in health and education to improve productivity.