Nov. 28, 2021

The National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5) Phase 2 data was released on November 24, 2021.

Key Highlights

  • India has also officially hit a total fertility rate (TFR) of 2.0 that indicates a decrease from the 2.2 in the NFHS-4.

  • India has more females than males with its overall sex ratio having risen to 1,020 women for 1,000 men after seeing a dip from 1,000 in 2005-06 to 991 in 2015-16.

  • The sex ratio at birth (SRB) or the number of female births for every 1,000 male births, however, was still worryingly low at 929, despite an improvement from the previous survey.

  • Children who were either stunted or displayed signs of wasting only dropped by a maximum of three percentage points

  • The proportion of anaemic children (5-59 months) increased from 58% to 67%. Women aged 15-49 who were anaemic increased from 53% to 57% and men of the same age increased from 29% to 31% between both editions of the NFHS.

  • Births in institutional facilities, such as a hospital, improved by nearly eight percentage points from 78.9% to 88.6%.

  • The proportion of children (12-23 months) who were fully vaccinated improved from 62%-76%

  • Children under 6 months who were exclusively breastfed showed a sharp improvement from 54.9 to 63.7%.

Source : PIB