April 8, 2021

Former police officer and “encounter specialist” Pradeep Sharma was called by NIA for questioning in connection with the Mukesh Ambani terror scare case.


  • National Investigation Agency (NIA) is the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency of India.

  • Parent agency: Union Ministry of Home Affairs.

  • Establishment: NIA was created after the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks with the enactment of the National Investigation Agency Act 2008.

  • Jurisdiction:
    • The agency is empowered to deal with terror related crimes across states without special permission from the states.

    • A State Government may request the Central Government to hand over the investigation of a case to the NIA, provided the case has been registered for the offences as contained in the schedule to the NIA Act.

  • NIA special courts:
    • Various Special Courts have been notified by the Govt. of India for trial of the cases arising out of offences committed in various states of the Union.

    • These are presided over by a judge appointed by the Central Government on the recommendation of the Chief Justice of the High Court with jurisdiction in that region.

  • Offices: it is headquartered in Delhi and has branch offices in 8 locations.