Pench Tiger Reserve

Jan. 29, 2019

With 29 cubs, tigress sets new Penchmark & India can’t handle more big cats

  • Pench Tiger Reserve’s Royal Bengal tigress called ‘Collarwali’ has given birth to 4 cubs.

  • She is the mother of 29 cubs born over the last 10 years.

  • Pench Tiger Reserve is located in Madhya Pradesh in Seoni and Chhindwara districts, named after the Pench river that flows through the National Park.

  • There are 50 Tiger Reserve area’s in India estimating the number of tigers as 2,226 according to the 2014 census.

  • Tiger conservation initiative in India is called ‘Project Tiger’ under the administration of National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).

  • In 2018, NTCA used an app/system called MSTrlPES, to monitor and record the tiger population to release the census in 2019.

  • Project Tiger aims to aid and facilitate the breeding of tigers within a safe environment and transport the tigers to other parks to increase the tiger population across its habitats. In addition, Project Tiger also takes up initiatives to improve the vegetation in the park, to facilitate the availability of prey for the tigers.

  • Pench National Park has the highest density of herbivore population like spotted deer, sambar deer, nilgai, four horned antelope and mouse deer.

  • Other Tiger Reserves in Madhya Pradesh include Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, Panna National Park, Satpura National Park, Sanjay-Dubri National Park

  • Tigers command over 60 sq kms of area and often get into territorial conflicts with other tigers or outside territorial limits with humans.

  • It is argued that the Tiger breeding has reached its threshold as India is not prepared to increase more tigers.

  • To distribute the density of tigers translocating tigers to unpopulated reserves like Satkosia in Odisha has not been successful.

Source : Times of India and The Hindu