Pygmy hog

Oct. 1, 2023

Recently, eighteen captive-bred pygmy hogs were released in western Assam’s Manas National Park and Tiger Reserve.

About Pygmy hog:

  • It is the smallest and rarest species of wild pig in the world.
  • It is one of the very few mammals that build its own home, or nest, complete with a ‘roof’.
  • It is an indicator species as its presence reflects the health of its primary habitat, tall and wet grasslands.
  • Habitat: It prefers undisturbed patches of grassland dominated by early succession riverine communities, typically comprising dense tall grass intermixed with a wide variety of herbs, shrubs and young trees.
  • Currently, the viable population of this pig in the wild is in the Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam.
  • Conservation status:
    • IUCN: Critically Endangered
    • The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I

Key facts about Manas National Park

  • It is located in the state of Assam. It is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan.
  • It is a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve.
  • Flora: It contains some of the largest remaining grassland habitats in the sub-Himalayan grassland ecosystems.
  • Fauna: The Park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog.
  • The Manas River is a major tributary of Brahmaputra River, which passes through the Manas National Park.