Dec. 31, 2019

NITI Aayog released the second edition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index.


  • The index documents the progress made by India’s States and Union Territories towards achieving the 2030 SDG targets.

  • It has been developed by NITI Aayog in collaboration with the Ministry of Statistics, United Nations in India, and Global Green Growth Institute.

  • The 2019 Index spans 16 out of 17 SDGs with a qualitative assessment on Goal 17. This marks an improvement over the 2018 Index, which covered only 13 goals.

  • Classification criteria based on SDG India Index score is as follows:
    • Aspirant: 0–49

    • Performer: 50–64

    • Front Runner: 65–99

    • Achiever: 100

  • If a State/UT achieves a score of 100, it signifies it has achieved the 2030 national targets. The higher the score of a State/UT, the closer it is towards achieving the targets.

Key findings:

  • India’s composite score has improved from 57 in 2018 to 60 in 2019, thereby showing.

  • The maximum gains been made in Goals 6 (clean water and sanitation), 9 (industry, innovation, and infrastructure) and 7 (affordable and clean energy).

  • Kerala achieved the first rank in the composite SDG Index with a score of 70, followed by Himachal Pradesh at 69.

  • The biggest improvers since 2018 are UP (which has moved from the 29th position to the 23rd), Orissa (23rd to 15th), and Sikkim (15th to 7th).