April 30, 2020

Men have appeared likelier than women to die of COVID-19. Trials by researchers in US will seek to find out whether the answer lies in two sex hormones in women — estrogen and progesterone.


  • Estrogen and progesterone are the two main sex hormones that characterise a woman.

  • Estrogen helps her develop female physical features and also maintains her reproductive system.

  • Progesterone is secreted by a temporary endocrine gland that the body produces during the second half of the menstrual cycle, and helps prepare the body for possible pregnancy after ovulation.

  • The male body too has estrogen and produces progesterone, both in smaller amounts.

  • Now, two teams in the US are testing the theory that these hormones help women fight COVID-19 better.