Wayanad Wildlife sanctuary

March 19, 2023

Recently, a female leopard died in a suspected road kill in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS).

About Wayanad Wildlife sanctuary:

  • Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Kerala and is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
  • This Sanctuary is contiguous to the tiger reserves of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka and Madhumalai of Tamil Nadu.
  • Kabini river which is a tributary of the Kaveri River flows through the sanctuary.
  • Flora: It includes moist deciduous forests, West coast semi-evergreen forests and plantations of teak, eucalyptus and Grewelia.
  • Fauna: Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Panther, Sambar, Spotted deer, Barking deer, Wild boar, Sloth bear, Nilgiri langur etc.

Key facts about the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

  • It harbours a wide spectrum of ecosystem types such as tropical evergreen forests, Montane sholas and grasslands, semi-evergreen forests, moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and thorn forests. 
  • The major part of the core areas spread over Kerala and Tamil Nadu States.
  • Tribal Population:Tribal groups like the Todas, Kotas, Irullas, Kurumbas, Paniyas, Adiyans, Edanadan Chettis, Cholanaickens, Allar, Malayan, etc., are native to the reserve.
  • Protected Areas within the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve are
    • The Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandipur National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Mukurthi National Park and Silent Valley.