What is Chytridiomycosis?

May 29, 2023

A recent multinational study has developed a method to detect all strains of Chytridiomycosis.

About Chytridiomycosis:

  • It is an infectious disease that affects amphibians, especially frogs worldwide.
  • It is caused by either of two species of amphibian chytrid fungus. They are called Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans. 
  • It is an emerging disease that is significantly impacting amphibian populations across the globe.
  • The disease has caused the decline or complete extinction of over 200 species of frogs and other amphibians. 
  • How chytrid fungus infects the frog?
    • Chytrid fungus is a waterborne fungus that disperses into the environment in order to search for a new host.
    • The fungus travels through water sources until it finds a new host, and enters through the skin.
    • Chytrid infects frogs by reproducing in their skin.
    • The single-celled fungus enters a skin cell, multiplies, and then breaks back out onto the surface of the animal.
    • This damage to the skin affects the frog’s ability to balance water and salt levels and eventually leads to death if infection levels are high enough.