What is Co-location trading?

Jan. 24, 2023

The Securities Appellate Tribunal recently asked National Stock Exchange (NSE) to pay ₹100 crore towards SEBI’s (Securities and Exchange Board of India) investor protection fund for lapses in a case registered in May 2018 concerning an alleged co-location trading.

Why in news?

  • Securities and Exchange Board of India passed its first order after adjudicating the co-location case in April 2019, when it fined the National Stock Exchange (NSE) a sum of ₹625 crores. 

Key facts about Co-location trading

  • The National Stock Exchange 2009 started to offer co-location services to members of the exchange.
  • It allows a member to set up his server in a specifically earmarked data centre within the NSE’s exchange premises for a certain price.
  • The relative proximity allows members wishing to gain access to the entirety of buy and sell orders sent because of the reduced time taken for order execution.
  • Is it Illegal? : Stock exchanges across the world allow the practice to flourish as a paid service. The SEBI allowed exchanges to offer co-location in 2008.

What is the Securities Appellate Tribunal?

  • It is a statutory body established under the provisions of Section 15K of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992
  • It hears and disposes of appeals against orders passed by
    • The Securities and Exchange Board of India
    • Insurance Regulatory Development Authority of India
    • The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA)