Mains Daily Question
Feb. 21, 2024

Q3. Discuss the significance of agroforestry in mitigating the impacts of climate change. (10M, 150W)

Model Answer


Understanding and structuring the answer

The given question has 1 demand – how Agroforestry helps in mitigating climate change impact.


Type 1: Define Agroforestry. 

Type 2: Show how Agriculture and climate change are deeply intertwined.


Heading 1: Agroforestry helps in mitigating climate change impact.


Significance of agroforestry with respect to  food security and climate change.


Answer: Agriculture and climate change are deeply intertwined. Agriculture is responsible for almost 30 percent of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and is the root cause of 80 percent of tropical deforestation. 

Intensive agriculture – characterized by monocultures and aimed at feeding farm animals — is one of the sectors that generate the highest amount of CO2 emissions. But agroforestry, which is the management and integration of trees, crops and/or livestock on the same plot of land, can be a panacea in this regard.


Agroforestry helps in mitigating climate change impact:

  • Improving livelihood: When properly applied, agroforestry can improve livelihoods through enhanced health and nutrition, increased economic growth, and strengthened environmental resilience and ecosystem sustainability.
  • Social sustainability: In turn, such improvements can contribute to increased social sustainability due to decreased social migration in which human needs are satisfied in a way that fosters environmental health. 
  • Soil Health: Agroforestry can control runoff and soil erosion, reducing water, soil material, organic matter, and nutrients.
  • Carbon sequestration: Agroforestry has the excellent potential of reducing atmospheric CO2 through carbon sequestration through plants and soil, leading to green carbon and carbon sink.
  • Sustainable production: Farm diversification is a growing strategy for economic competitiveness, especially throughout the industrialized temperate zone. Agroforestry offers great promise for fruit crops' sustainable production, high-value medicinal crops, dairy and beef cattle, sheep, goats, and biomass for biofuel. With agroforestry, degraded land can be transformed into food-growing carbon sinks.
  • Reducing stress: The agroforestry benefits derive from the interactions between trees and shrubs and crops and livestock. Positive interactions may relieve stress to plants and animals, enhance yields, retain soil, and capture water.
  • Environment-friendly: Agroforestry systems also yield proven strategies for long-term carbon sequestration, soil enrichment, biodiversity conservation, and air and water quality improvements, benefiting both the landowners and society.


This climate-smart farming system enables economically-viable production while significantly restoring land, mitigating climate change, safeguarding local biodiversity and strengthening food and nutritional security for the growing population.

Subjects : Environment
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